Transition site from this format to
a document depository: SPECULATION ON THE I1 HARDINS IN AMERICA IN THE
1700s. This page will be removed in favor of the Omeka site,
Newest site: Facts and Speculations on the I1 "Norse" Hardins in America -- using the Omeka web content management system; letting you upload your material to the site.
My father's ancestors are Hardin and the other surnames at left above. My mother's ancestors are White, shown above right. Many of my ancestors surely took the same paths of migration as the Scots-Irish, who arrived in the 1700's at Eastern ports, usually Philadelphia. After living for a time in southern Pennsylvania or New Jersey or Maryland, they drifted south over several generations by way of Virginia, the western Carolinas, thence into Georgia and Alabama, and onward to Texas and points west. It is said that Staunton, Virginia is, even today, one of the most Scots-Irish cities in the United States. Whether Scots-Irish or English, in the long term the haplotype I1a Hardin group came from the Scandanavian Vikings, according to the haplogroup maps.
My Hardin branch left Pendleton District, South Carolina and settled on the Georgia-Alabama line in Cherokee County, Alabama, and in Floyd County, Georgia in the late 1830s, just after the Cherokees were expelled. The White family ancestors lived in the same area after arriving, probaly, from Georgia. The Lanes were from Piedmont, Alabama. The family of Hardins living astraddle the state line was given the shortcut name "Plumnelly Hardins" by HFA founder Oran Hardin, because they were said to be "plum out of Alabama and nea'ly out of Georgia," in old-fashioned speech. Oran Hardin is himself a Plumnelly, though his family came to Marshall County, Alabama -- near the Tennessee River -- by way of Tennessee. The pertinent DNA of Oran Hardin and of the Plumnellies is identical. But if anyone has yet identified a common ancestor of Oran Hardin and the Plumnelly (or Pendleton) Hardins, this writer is unaware of it. (See hhhdna.com for DNA testing results.)
♦Down Home in Cherokee and Etowah Counties,
Alabama, and Floyd County, Georgia
♦Coosa, Georgia in the 1860s
♦Muster Roll of Company B, 31st Alabama Infantry (Confederate)
♦Letters from Confederate soldier Milton A. Hardin 1862-1863
♦Survey of Hardman Cemetery, Farill
♦Cherokee County precincts and georgaphical names
♦Floyd County militia districts
♦The George W. and Clementine Hardin Bible records
♦The Eli H. Hardin Bible records
♦The Aaron Hardin Bible records
♦Bluffton? Where is Bluffton?
♦Hardin Reunion 2005, Little Rock
and stories from J. Oran Hardin about the Mark Hardin family
After drifting south, perhaps from the Virginia coast or heartland, over several generations, my branch of the Hardins settled on the Georgia-Alabama line in Cherokee County, Alabama, and Floyd County, Georgia just after the Cherokees were expelled.
My ancestors, as far as I know, were the salt-of-the-earth types, the "backbone of America," and cannon fodder whenever they could not escape that fate. Three of my distant Hardin cousins were Confederate privates. Two of them died, while the family they left behind lost a father and two children in 1863, probably to some epidemic. My ancestor Samuel Story was conscripted in Georgia as a private and was only injured. During Korea, two Hardin uncles of mine were killed. Beyond tragedy, the only fame I have so far encountered is that a distant uncle, James Asa Hardin, was particularly active in securing the consolidated school near Key and Forney, on the Centre-Cave Spring highway in Cherokee County, Alabama. The school, a junior high school, bore his name until it was abandoned, in the 1960's, I believe.
There's the tenuous Emma Sansom connection, Emma Samsom being a young Civil War heroine from Gadsden, Alabama. "We're somehow kin to her," my mother would say. Just a little, it turns out. She married Christopher Bullard Johnson, who was the great-grand uncle of my mother. Emma moved to Texas with him.
My ancestors achieved another kind of fame by multiplying their genes exponentially -- by having lots of children. Until the end of my grandfather's generation -- he had nine children and his wife Minnie died with number 10 -- families of 10 and 12 were the norm for my ancestors. The generation born ater 1920 had far smaller families.
This is a searchable and downloadable GEDCOM with footnotes, residing at Rootsweb. A nearly identical tree is at Ancestry.com which unfortunately is not viewable without Ancestry.com membership. Hardin YDNA results and matching Hardin relative information is maintained at hhhdna.com, maintained by relative William Clark Hardin of Mount Holly, North Carolina. For another source of DNA matches look up Hardin or Harden or any surname of interest at Ysearch.org.
The Hardins Oran and I come from are found by DNA testing to be
of genotype I1.The paternal line reaches back to Norse ancestors. I've
taken the liberty of calling this related group of which I am a
member "Norse Hardins" since nearly all I1 Hardins so far tested are
related in recent times. That sounds unusual. It suggests that only one
man or only the closely-related descendants of one man were the only
immigrant of this line to have come to North America from the British
Isles. There are a few men with other surnames whose DNA is nearly
identical to the Pendleton Hardins. Each of those cases will have an
individual explanation: Adoption, extramarital event, and the like.
Either that, or the DNA has been passed down nearly unchanged from
generations that lived before the adoption of surnames -- an unlikely
explanation since change happen more rapidly than that. For example,
two living Plumnelly second cousins have discovered that one has an SNP
the other does not.
Please read the notes and sources in my GEDCOM and the narratives here to determine what is proven and what is supposed. Some people and companies harvest any material that looks like a tree. The tree, accurate or not, becomes indisputable once it enters the collective. That is unfortunate, because I put on the Web trees I am working on. I intend to collaborate with other researchers especially where there are doubts and unknowns -- as there will be with non-remarkable families. I know of no other way to show proposed names and relationships for discussions than to put them on a Web site and invite others to discuss via Web forums, mail lists, e-mail, and telephone whether they approve of my constructions, or if they have corrections for me.
This mystery picture was made about 1917, perhaps at the Farill, Alabama Baptist church. Farill is in Cherokee County, Alabama, near the Georgia line. Many of my ancestors lived there from the 1860's. The girl at far left in the middle row with her head turned was identified by my aunt Katherine as Bertha May Hardin (1902-1987), who married Ed Smith in Birmingham. In the row in front of her, second person from the left, is her cousin Nessie LaVada Hardin (1907-1971), unmarried. The picture was in the possession of my grandfather Frank Hardin at his death. If you can identify anyone else, please contact me and I will caption the picture. Among the names in the area were: Hardin, Chandler, Bouchellon, Barkley, Story, Ingram, Smith, Isbel, Roe, Kirby,and Mormon.Photo of John Thomas Hardin, son of Avery Hardin and Amanda Kennedy courtesy of Cindy Keys (cskeys at tds.net)