Links MentionedI1 Haplogroup essay from Eupedia.com
hhhdna.com by William Clark Hardin
Hardin Source Document Repository by William Clark Hardin & Patricia Hardin
Family Tree DNA Hardin Project (order test)
FTDNA.com Public Hardin Page.
I1a Hardins Short Name: Can we for convenience call this family something more memorable like "The Viking Hardins"?
...because they are of Norse ethnicity. "Norse Hardins" is good. Or "Hatter Hardins" since the Pendleton District, South Carolina Hardins produced a number of hatters. Any better ideas, fellow researchers?
"The Haplogroup I1 is sometimes referred to as the "Viking haplogroup." -Wikipedia. "Haplogroup I1 (formerly I1a) is the most common I subclade. It is found mostly in Scandinavia and Northern Germany, where it can represent over 35% of the population. Associated with the Norse ethnicity, it is found in all places invaded by the ancient Germanic tribes and the Vikings ... I1 is identified by at least 15 unique mutations, which indicates that this lineage has been isolated for a long period of time, or experienced a serious population bottleneck. Although the first mutation splitting I1 away from I2 may have arisen as long as 20,000 years ago, people belonging to this haplogroup all descend from a single man who lived less than 5,000 years ago." - www.eupedia.com/europe/origins_haplogroups_europe.shtml#I1
Overview of The Viking Hardins in America
A layman's history -- No Viking sailed across the Atlantic in 1700 and took up residence in Virginia, of course. The Vikings sailed before 1000 AD exploring, pirating, and settling the coasts of nearby countries, including England. The Viking blood worked into the general population of England hundreds of years before America was settled. The Hardins who were our fathers were possibly Highland Presbyterian Scots who fled the country after losing one of many wars to England before 1600. More likely, our fathers were descendants of Lowland Scots or English whom the English shipped to Ulster during the 1600s to occupy Irish land. They were Protestants. Poor settlers when they arrived, the Scots could not pay the impossibly increasing rents. It was leave or die, and so many "Scotch-Irish" somehow found their way to America -- the Hardins probably among them. "In the 1710 to 1775 era, over 200,000 people emigrated from Ulster to the 13 Colonies, from New Hampshire to Georgia. The largest numbers went to Pennsylvania. From that base some went south into Virginia, the Carolinas and across the South, with a large concentration in the Appalachian districts; others headed west to western Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and the Midwest." - Wikipedia
Where to Start
The most reliable place to start research is with the earliest known ancestors of Hardin men who have had a Y-DNA test. See those records at William Clark Hardin's HHHDNA.com. Bill also has a Hardin Source Document Repository linked from the above page. Other sites displaying Hardin Y-DNA are Family Tree DNA Hardin Project where you can order a test - The 37 and 67 marker tests are most useful - and here's FTDNA's Public Hardin Page. YSearch.org1 shows voluntarily posted Y-DNA results.
More Than One Hardin Family
Examining hhhdna.com, you notice first that the surname is used by many entirely unrelated families. The Viking Hardins are unrelated to Revolutionary Col. Joseph Hardin and influential Tennessean, The French Hugenot Hardoins, the frontier Indian-fighting Hardins in Kentucky or Ohio or Texas, nor ex-president Harding, nor to the psychopathic multiple killer John Wesley Hardin. There are killers in our family, yes, but they killed their wives and others out of the public eye probably including Indians. They served as enlisted men in all the wars and were killed in them, including the U.S. Revolution and the U.S. Civil War. From present knowledge they were not particularly militaristic. Most were agrarian. They liked to live beside running water. My own Hardin ancestors had a knack for losing possession of their farms.
Earliest Known Viking Hardins in America
Study the i1a Hardins on hhhdna.com. Their color code is light green. Links will show you the name of the tested man and his earliest ancestor as he has determined it. In this section I will list the name and place of the earliest known ancestors so that we might have a try at projecting back to the whereabouts of an earlier, yet to be documented, generation, and finally, to the common ancestor. The migration path suggested by the map above is my best guess so far. The FTDNA-supplied odds are that all the following people have a common ancestor are kin
To HREF="http://www.intelec.us/hardin/index.htm">Genealogy Home |SUBGROUP EARLIEST FOUND BORN DIED Pendleton (Plumnelly) Eli Hardin 1808 SC 1882 GA John R. Hardin John R. Hardin ~1729 NC 1810 NC Pendleton Gabriel Hardin 1730-1755 Va. or Md. aft. 1793 SC Pendleton Eli Hardin 1808 SC 1882 GA Pendleton Eli Hardin 1808 SC 1882 GA Angelina Co, TX Hiram Hardin 1817 MS or VA or TN bet 1839/43 MS Illinois>Nebraska Henry Hardin a1804 NC Pendleton Reubin Hardin 1801 SC ~1854 MS Missouri George G. Hardin 1822 VA 1882 MO Glenn/Davis Magness Davis 1795 1875 AL Kentucky William Hardin 1760 VA or NC 1803 VA Pendleton Joshua Hardin 1780s SC Burke NC>Wash. Co., Ind. John Hardin Sr 1753 NC Pendleton John Hardin 1806 SC d Ala. Goocher Martin Goodger ~1729 VA bef 1799 VA NC>Va Sterling Harden Sr 1750 bef 1830 NC John R. Hardin John R. Hardin NC 1810 NC Lunenburg Va>Moore NC Gabriel Harding bef 1715 VA Pendleton Griffin Hardin 1830 SC 1892 Texas Pendleton Griffin Hardin b 1775 NC aft 1851 SC