New! John Hardin of Burke County, NC and Washington County, Indiana  Son of Gabriel Harding

Son of Samuel Harding (will 1732):
Gabriel  Harding b. bef. 1715

Revision of 19 Mar 2016. Thanks to the work of Susan Hardin Austin and Gwen Hardin, new discoveries (2014-16) have been made about this family, including the death of Gabriel Harding on 13 January 1801 and the probate of his estate. Those discoveries are included here. New material from John Michael Hardin and others is included. I made the Washington County, Georgia connection. Contact me if I've failed to recognize your work.

Gabriel Harding In Brief

This page includes speculation for discussion among reseasrchers of this family. It is not finished genealogy tied up in a ribbon for harvesting. Corrections and better explanations are requested. Contact Travis Hardin at ke3y at comcast dot net.

Gabriel Harding was born before 1715 in Brunswick County, Virginia -- if not further east. His parents were Samuel and Elizabeth Hardin. His brothers included Samuel Jr., John, and William. His sons included Gabriel, Jr., Isaac, William (Chubby), James, and John; and possibly Robert, Jacob, Benjamin and Elisha. Three were born 1751 or before. (See the 1801 estate sale for names.)

Gabriel Hardin lived in Granville NC, in Lunenburg Va, and for most of his life on Deep River in Cumberland/Moore County, NC. Land was surveyed for him in Randolph County in December 1796, and Gabriel lived on Barnes Creek in Randolph County until his death there on 13 January 1801.

I first heard of this family group from Sue Stepp of Houston, Texas who had worked up a long genealogy of Gabriel's son William (Chubby) Harding born 1753. It is posted at my website  here

She knew of Gabriel Harding Jr. ~1750, and James Hardin born 10 Dec 1756. Today we think we know of more children. The surname was written in a variety of ways by others: Harding, Hardin, or Harden. I use the spelling Harding to follow the conventions of Sue Stepp and to distinguish this family from their relatives in Chatham County, North Carolina who used the same set of names.

I know nothing of Gabriel Hardin from birth until  1753, twenty years after his father died. That's his first 38 years. The gap and the lack of known children born before 1750 leads me to wonder if we have skipped a generation. However Gabriel and two brothers were past childhood at their father's death in 1732 -- meaning they were born in the neighborhood of 1715. Children could have been born to the sons of Samuel as early as 1735, but most found ones were clustered around 1750.

The first mention I find of Gabriel Hardin is during the 1753 trial of his brother Samuel.

On or before December 1756 Gabriel moved his family to Lunenburg County, Virginia. "I was born in Lunenburg County Virginia on the 10th day of December 1756," said his son James Hardin in a pension application when James was old.

(New) 1757: Appraisers of the estate of Jerimiah Ellis, Lunenberg County: Gabril Harden, Wm. Doughlass, Stephen Jones, at a court of Lunenberg County held 2 Aug 1757.  --Virginia, Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1983, Mixed Records, Vol 1-3, 1746-1791, p. 191 (image 123 of 659).

In 1761 Gabriel Harding was granted 400 acres of land in in Lunenburg County, Virginia. He left in 1764, and was in Cumberland County (later Moore), North Carolina in 1767.

Gabriel Harding died 13 January 1801 in Randolph County, NC, intestate. See court records below.
URL (Click on link) Patent 
Author LinkHardin, Gabriel. grantee.
Title LinkLand grant 7 August 1761.
Summary Location: Lunenburg County.

Description: 400 acres on both sides of the westermost fork of the Great Creek, adjoining Jones’s line.

Source: Land Office Patents No. 33, 1756-1761 (v.1, 2, 3 & 4 p.1-1095), p. 1094 (Reel 31-32).

Part of the index to the recorded copies of patents for land issued by the Secretary of the Colony serving as the colonial Land Office. The collection is housed in the Archives at the Library of Virginia.
Other Format Available on microfilm. Virginia State Land Office. Patents 1-42, reels 1-41.


1761 GABRIEL HARDIN, 400 acs. Lunenburgh Co., on both sides of the Westernmost fork of the Great Cr., adj. Jones; 7 Aug 1761, Francis Fauquier Esquire our Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of our said Colony and Dominion at Williamsburgh, In the 1st Year of our Reign of George III; p1094-1095. 40 shill. Manuscript at Library of Virginia

Land records from Sue Austin,
1761 Aug 7
Gabriel Hardin to Donald Harrison 400A in Lunenburg/both sides the westernmost fork of the Great Creek.

1763 Jul 7
William Heardin, 817 acres Lunenburg/both sides of the Great Creek.

1764 Feb 22
Gabriel Harden of St. James Parish (?) of Lunenburg Co. to Alex. Donald. 100: curr. 400 acres in Parish and Co. aforesd. on both sides of Westemost fork of the great Creek which said land was granted to said Gabriel Harden by patent Aug. 7, 1761. Feby. 22, 1764. Recorded – Sept. 13, 1764. D.B. 8, p. 316.(Source: “The Edward Pleasant Valentine Papers: Abstracts of Records in the Local and General Archives of Virginia.” database)

At a Council held June 10. 1772. Joshua Mabry having entered a Caveat against Gabriel Hardin for 400 acres on the Branches of Great Creek, in Mecklenburg, joining the Lines of Stephen Jones the Plaintif appearing, and the Defendant having been solemnly called and not appearing, it was ordered, that the Plaintif have a Patent for the said Land. - P. 484, “Executive journals of the Council of colonial Virginia” Virginia State Lib., ed. Henry Read McIlwaine.vol 6.

The westernmost forks of Great Creek was then and now in eastern Lunenburg County, Virginia, 1 mile SW of Dundas community on the Brunswick County line.

Of interest: Powell, William, and Williams, Hugh, grantees. Land grant 26 September 1760. Lunenburg County. Description: 400 acres adjoining Cornelius Cargill, and on Banister River. Source: Land Office Patents No. 33, 1756-1761 (v.1, 2, 3 & 4 p.1-1095), p. 924 (Reel 31-32). Manuscript at Library of Virginia

Of interest: Stith, Drury, Land grant 10 September 1755. Location: Lunenburg County. Description: 400 acres on both sides of Little Blewstone Creek adjoining Morris, Talbott, &c. Source: Land Office Patents No. 31, 1751-1756 (v.1 & 2 p.1-751), p. 557 (Reel 29). Another 400 acres: Both sides of Johnson's Creek, on S. branch of Otter River. Stith was the court clerk who certified the Brunswick County, Virginia will of Samuel Hardin in 1732.   Manuscript at Library of Virginia

Moore/Cumberland County in General

A courthouse fire in 1889 destroyed most of its records. Thanks to Terry Moore, CG, for 3 pages of clarification and references. - tax, land, recreated property maps, and other records collected by Morgan Jackson.

Gabriel Harding Timeline in Cumberland/Moore Co., NC

R. E. Wicker in his 1956 map of settlers dated Gabriel Hardin at Deep River in 1762.
1762 Russell to Gabriel Harden 1764 Carroll to Gabriel Harden

1764. Sold out in Virginia and occupied the land in Cumberland County bought while he was resident in Virginia (See wording of 1762 deed.)

1767. After leaving Lunenburg County, Virginia in 1764 Gabriel Harding occupied the land he had bought in Cumberland County, North Carolina.

1773 and 1774. Gabriel Harden was granted a patent of 200 A. on both sides of Lick Creek in Cumberland (later Moore) Co, NC. The land was entered in 1773 and granted in 1774. (file no. 1401). Lick Creek joined Deep River near the top left of the big horseshoe bend (located by the tip of the green arrow on the map below).

20 miles between Gabriel and John Hardin.

Map showing separation of related Hardings in the 1770s in central North Carolina.

Timeline Continued -- Cumberland/Moore County Tax Lists 1755-1815 Showing Hardins

Explanation of poll tax from the article "North Carolina Taxation" in the Wiki:
"In 1715 North Carolina began collecting taxes from the head of the household for all free males aged 16 or over and all slaves aged 12 or over. In 1835 the ages were changed to 21 to 45 for free males and 12 to 50 for slaves. Some early lists name each taxable person, so you may find a listing for both a father and his sons. Later lists generally give only the name of the head of a household and the number of additional taxable persons in the home."

1755 Inaugural Tax List of Cumberland County

No Hardins found. Totals: 302 white people, 11 Mollatos, 63 Negroes. Certified by Thos. Jones, Clk C, "who  is of opinion that there is nigh thirty Taxables  more in the sd. county  who have not given in their lists of taxbles accoding to law." Column headings were (1) Names of those that gave in their lists; (2)Whites; (3) Molatoes; (4)Negros.

1767. Gabriel Hardin is listed as a Cumberland County taxpayer with 4 "W" 0 "M" and 0 "S". The number 4 represents Gabriel and three boys 16 or over, according to the practice described above.
(See North Carolina Early Taxpayers at or
According to guidelines the three boys taxed in 1767 were born 1751 or before.

1777 "Taxable Property in Jacob Duckworth District" of Cumberland (Moore) County 
 7   Gabriel Hardin Jn.       100
10   Gabriel Hardin Sen.     575
11   John Hardin               675
69   James Hardin             100
North Carolina Archives, courtesy of Morgan Jackson and posted at

Comment. If the 1777 listings are in geographical order, Gabriel Hardin Sr. and John Hardin are adjacent, which agrees with the deed records.

1778 Capt. Duckworth's District

Line no.
25     Jas. Hardin          100 (he is separate; the two following are together.
68     Gabriel Hardin      2800
69     William Hardin      400
70     Randolph Cheek    2,400 [included for information]
71     Robert Cheek       6,020 [included for information]
North Carolina Archives, courtesy of Morgan Jackson and posted at

1779 Capt Duckworth's District
Line no.
 2     Randolph Hunnicutt  220 [included for information]
 8     Gabriel Harden        2000
14    John Hunnicutt Jr.   800 [included for information]
37    Philip Cheek            800 [included for information]
39    William Harden        250
42    Richard Cheek         780 [included for information]
45    Willm. Harden         1700

1780 Capt. Duckworth District
p.7   Gabriel Harden
          200 Acres Land        (land) 900
1 horse 3 cattle money 28  (other)121  TOTAL: 1021

p. 9   Philip Alston [included for information; John Hardin sold out in March 1778 to this man to go to Burke County, NC]
         2500 acres Land    9000
         20 Negroes           11,400
         9 horses 30 cattle  1380
        Money 2200         2200 TOTAL: 23,980

p. 10, Capt Duckworth's District "4 Fold Tax 1780"

Willam Harden                120     480 [near Robert, Philip, and Richard Cheek, also listed]
Willm. Harden               [amount obscured by a glued patch of paper]
Elijah Harden                 100 [The latter William and Elijah are together down the page from the first William]
North Carolina Archives, courtesy of Morgan Jackson and posted at 

1783 Cumberland (Moore) County Tax List. [Capt. John Cox's District - no Hardins]

Capt. John Hunnicutt's District
G. Harden       125 [line 3]
Wm. Harden    284 [line 4]
J. Hunnicut, Jun. 133 [line 14]

W. Harden       10  [line 28]
R. Cheek         300 [line 33]
W. Harden       15 [line 34]
P. Alston     29,015 [line 36]

North Carolina Archives, courtesy of Morgan Jackson and posted at

1786 about midyear: Tabitha Hardin married David Williams. Security was William Hardin, Jr.

*View 1785-1787 Moore County marriage register at -- Moore County image 218 of 221; "North Carolina Probate Records, 1735-1970 > Wills, Bonds, Inventories, 1783-1818" images, FamilySearch, accessed 21 May 2014.

1793 A list of supernumeraries collected by Malcolm Gilchrist  sheriff of Moore County for the year 1793

Stud horses:  John Cheek _ 6 3

1795 A list of the sumernumerary collected by Malcolm McNeill, sheriff of Moore County fothe year 1795

Wm. Harden   polls 2. Acres 450 (page 1)
Benjamin Lamb polls blank. Acres 50 (page 1)

Sworn by Malcolm McNeill, sheriff, 30 Sep 1796

1797 A list of the supernumery returned from Moore County for the year 1797

Wm. Harden poll 2. Acres 450.
Joab Cheek, poll 0. Acres 230.

List of tax fees: Nicholass Nall, 2 0 0
                       Martin Nall,    2 0 0
Signed Malcolm McNeill, sheriff on 29 Sep 1798.

North Carolina Archives, courtesy of Morgan Jackson and posted at

1807-1808 Tax List, Moore County, NC (Insolvents)
No Hardins found.

1815 Tax List, Moore County, NC  Earliest complete tax list for Moore County. Courtesy of and James V. Comer and the NC Archives. [Located in Treasurer and Comptrollers Papers, Box 6. Moore County]

Names     Land     Dolls.     Conts     (page)

James Cheek     200     200               3
Randof Cheek     60     100               3
John Cheek     4 entries on page 4. Total Dolls. 2050
Abigail Harden     50     50               9 (This name misspelled appeared on the 1793-1794 petition to move the county seat.)

1815-1816 Direct Tax delinquents. "...Will be sold at public sale at the Market House in the Town of Hillsborough in the County of Orange on the 21st day of August, 1818 at 10 o'clock A.M.

Gabriel Harden, 250 acres more or less, $94 owed.

Hardin Related Deeds in Cumberland County, NC

Early Hardins in Cumberland County index to grantors
       1770 Gabriel Hardin to John Hardin
       1778 John Hardin to Philip Alston John Hardin's signature

Early Hardins in Cumberland County index to grantees
       1762 Russell to Gabriel Harden
       1764 Carroll to Gabriel Harden
       1775 Dukworth to John Harden
       1778 Hunnicutt to John Harden Signature of William Hardin who witnessed this deed.

From the grantee index, Gabriel Harden received 220 acres on Deep River from James Russell al in 1762 (Deed book 2 page 123).Gabriel Harden also received 80 acres on Rocky Ford Spring Branch from Sterling Carroll in 1764 (Deed book 2 page 358).

John Harding or Harden received three tracts: One in 1770 of 80 acres on Spring Branch River (Book 4 page 96); a second in 1775 of 195 acres on Deep River from Joseph Dukworth (Deed book 6 page 298; and a third from John Hunnicutt of 100 acres on Deep River (Deed book )

From the grantor index, Gabriel Harden granted to John Harding 80 acres on Spring Branch in 1770. (Book 4 page 96). In 1778 John Harden granted two tracts to Philip Alston (Book 6 page 480).

Moore County, NC - Direct Tax of 1815 & 1816
NOTICE is hereby given that the Direct Tax of the United States for 1815 and 1816 on the following described property situate in this State having remained unpaid one year from the time of the notice given by the Collector in whose district the said property lies that this Tax had become due and payable the same or so much thereof as may be necessary to sell for the said tax due thereon with an addition of twenty per cent will be sold at public sale at the Market House in the Town of Hillsborough in the County of Orange on the 21st day of August, 1818 at 10 o'clock A.M.
Names of Taxable Persons, Description of Property, Amount payable $
Gabriel Harden, 250 acres more or less, 94
George Horner, 350 do do, 1  41
Archibald McIntyre, 150 do do, 71  1-2
Daniel McLean, 150 do do, 47
Daniel Black, 100 do do, 14
John McIntyre, 350 do do, 1  17  1-2
Mary Finch, 350 do do, 1  17  1

Appearance of John Harden as a Landowner at Deep River, Cumberland County, North Carolina

1770 Gabriel Hardin to John Hardin

John was one of the older sons of Gabriel Hardin, along with James and Gabriel, Jr.  In 1767 Gabriel Hardin listed four taxpayers. The tax list for 1777 listed Gabriel and the three sons separately, with their own property:
John Hardin   675
Gabriel Sr.     575
James            100
Gabriel, Jr.    100
October 1770 marks the first time a John Hardin appears on Deep River as a landower. In October 1770 JOHN HARDIN was sold 80 acres by GABRIEL HARDIN for 50. The land lay on the south bank of Deep River. In March 1778 John Hardin sold that tract to Philip Alston. The description contained the phrase "down Spring Branch to Gabrail and John Hardins Corner," showing John owned land adjacent to Gabriel, which would be on the south bank. On the same date he also sold to Philip Alston 195 acres, getting 200-4-50 for the both. The 195 acres had come from Joseph Dukworth. It was on the south side of Deep River and lay near John Carroll's land.

Philip Alston was in Granville County, NC in June 1755 "In an action of trespass on the case between William Williams, Solomon Williams, Phillip Alston and Benjamin Winns, the Executor of Samuel Williams, deceased, Plaintiffs, and William Blake, defendant ... (from "an old minute book of the court of Granville County, p. 12, transcribed by Worth S. Ray on p. 209 of "Colonial Granville County and its people: loose leaves from "The lost tribes of North Carolina," 1945. Accessed 6 Nov 2017 at

John Hunnicutt sold land to John Hardin in Cumberland County on 29 July 1772 [Abstracts of Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of Cumberland County, North Carolina, October 1755-January 1779, Volume 1, page 192].

In April 1775, John Hardin had bought from John Hunnicutt Jr. 100 acres on the lower side of Deep River, one marker on the river bank being "said to be Joel McLendon's or Gabriell Hardins lower corner." This sale wast witnessed by William Harden.

OBSERVATIONS. John Hardin knew, had dealings with, and was adjacent to, Gabriel Harding and his son William Harden, as an immediate family member might be.

See separate page John Hardin (of Indiana)

1790 Census Moore County

1790 census North Carolina Moore County, Fayette District

1st # free white males 16 year upwards and head of families
2nd # free white males under 16 years
3rd # free white females and head of families
4th # all other free persons
5th # slaves

Harding, James, 1,3,4,0,0		p.162 frame 6 of 8
Harding, Gabriel, 1,2,0,0,2 (two slaves.)
Harding, Gabriel Jr, 1,0,3,0,0 p.165 frame 7 of 8
Harding, William(Buck), 1,2,4,0,0
Harding, William, 1,4,4,0,0
Joseph Duckworth, 1,1,4
John Goldston, 1,0,2
Philip Cheek, 1,0,0
Nicholas Nall, 2,1,3 frame 4 of 8
Richard Cheek, 1,2,3 frame 3 of 8
Robert Cheek, 3,0,3 frame 2 of 8
(James and Gabriel were adjacent on the census on p. 162. The two William Hardings, Goldston, and Cheek
were all within five names of each other on page 164. Gabriel Harding, junior was separated.)

1800 Census Moore County

			Free White Males   	Free White Females	 
Under 10 Under 10
10-16 10-16
16-26 16-26
26-45 26-45
45 & Over 45 & Over free slaves
217 HARDIN, James 1-1-1-0-1 3-1-1-0-1 00 00
236 HARDIN, William 1-1-0-0-1 3-0-1-1-0 00 02

1810 Census Moore County

                        Free White Males   	Free White Females	 
Under 10 Under 10
10-15 10-15
16-25 16-25
26-44 26-44
45 & Over 45 & Over
610 HARDEN, Gabr'l 0-1-1-0-1 0-2-0-1-0 00 00
same HARDEN, James 1-0-1-0-1 0-1-2-0-1 00 00
page HARDEN, Robt. 0-0-0-1-0 1-0-1-0-0 00 00

Expanding the data: In 1810 Gabriel Hardin, Jr. was over 45 thus born before 1765; his wife was born between 1756 and 1784; the eldest son at home was born 1785 to 1794; the youngest, 1795 to 1800. Two daughters were  born 1795-1800.

In 1810 James Hardin and wife were both 45 and over, thus born before 1765. Robert Hardin of a younger generation was 26-44 (b. 1766-1784) and his wife or oldest daughter at home was 16-25.  

1820 Census Moore County (partial)

(1820 categories
M to 10, M 10-16, M 16-18, M 16-26, M 26-44, M 45 up.
F to 10, F 10-16, F 16-26, F 26-45, F 45 up.)

Robt. Harden. 2 M to age 10; 1 M 19-26; 3 F under 10; 1F 26-44; 1 F 45 up; 1 engaged in agriculture.

Hugh Hardin. 1 M 26-45; 1F 16-26; 1 engaged in agriculture.

James Hardin. 2 M 10-16; 1M 45 up; 1 F under 10; 1 F 16-26; 2 F 26-44; 1 engaged in agriculture.

Charles Harden. 1 M 16-26; 1 F 16-26, 1 engaged in agriculture.

1840 Census Moore County (partial)

Abijah Hardin, age 30-39, and family

Hugh C. Hardin age 20-29, and family


Gabriel Hardin had nine sons and daughters alive at his death in 1801. Tabatha Hardin was a wife of David Williams who administered the 1801 estate of old Gabriel Hardin, and may be Gabriel's daughter. A section on Tabatha follows. Below it, some of the believed or known sons.


Tabitha Hardin married David Williams in Moore County mid-1786 in Moore County (- annotated court record). The security was William Hardin, Jr. as you can see. Junior could be used in those days to distinguish the younger of two men of the same name, as well as meaning a son of the original. The story seems to fit better if the former meaning applies in this case. The two Williams in the neighborhood were, first, the son of Gabriel, born roughly 1750 (thus "Junior"), and William Hardin the brother of Gabriel born about 1720 (thus "Senior"). That interpretation means that it was probably Tabitha's brother who secured the marriage, not her uncle. There's also a question of whose family Tabitha is in. (I believe the two brothers Gabriel and William both lived in Moore County.) Tabitha's husband being chosen fifteen years later to administer the estate of Gabriel Hardin favors the idea that Tabitha is probably Gabriel's daughter. From the wedding date, Tabitha was born before 1770, possibly far before if Williams was her second husband.

(Here put clippings from Williams book)

ISAAC HARDIN, c. 1750 to past 1830

Isaac Hardin b. bef. 1750. Obtained a grant in the Washington County, Georgia vicinity in the 1780s but by 1790 was in Union District, South Carolina. Ten years later in 1800 he was in Pendleton District. Several decades later he left Greenville District, SC to settle in McMinn County, Tennessee. He had 2 boys over 16 and 3 girls in 1790 which suggests a marriage before 1770 and a birth date before 1750. He was an older child of Gabriel Harding. I'm speculating a marriage date of 1768 and a birth date of 1748.

Appears in Chatham County, NC      His Headright in Washington County, Georgia      Appears in Pendleton District, SC
Moved before 29 Aug 1804 from Pendleton to Greenville.     Inherits one-ninth of Gabriel Hardin land and deeds it to Benjamin Hardin     Emigrates to McMinn County, Tennessee before 1830

William Hardin (son of Gabriel Harding) B. about 1753, probably Lunenburg County Virginia

On 14 Feb 1786 the State of North Carolina granted William Hardin 200 acres south of Deep River. On this excellent map showing plots along the river, William Hardin's land is plotted on the second most prominent horseshoe of the river about six miles west of the ancestral home located on the west side of the large horseshoe on Lick Creek.

1800 census for Moore County, page 57: William Hardin
1M under 10, 1M 10-15, 1M 45 and over. 3F under 10, 1F 16-25,  1F 26-44. 2 slaves.

1786. Having received a grant of 200 acres S. of Deep River on 2-14-1786, William Hardin Sr. sold (probably the same) 200  acres to Joseph McGee, accepting a mortgage dated 20 October 1786 of twelve payments. On May 22, 1787 "A bill of sale from Joseph McGee to WILLIAM HARDEN SENR. was duly proved in open court by the oath of Joseph Robson and Ordered to be recorded."  This is likely the mortgage release.

The writer hasn't determined if this is William, brother of old Gabriel, or William, Gabriel's son.

Robert Hardin b. bet. 1781-1784, believed son of William, son of Gabriel.

Tree by Sue Step (rtf)

"My ancestor, Robert Hardin, b Moore Co NC was on the 1830 Moore Co census (also earlier census years) and by 1840 was on the Chatham Co census. The name just above Robert Hardin (1840) was Wilkey Hardin (age 20-30). Robert Hardin ... moved to AR. His daughter, Roina Hardin, named her first son John Wilke Moore. I think Wilkey Hardin was her brother." (Posted by Sue Step on hardin board on 25 Apr 2006.)

1830 Census, Moore County, NC.  (Note he is age 40-49 --b. 1781-1790). His wife is age 30-39.)

Name:Robt Harden
[Robt Hardon
Home in 1830 (City, County, State):Moore, North Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - Under 5:1
Free White Persons - Males - 5 thru 9:1
Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 14:1
Free White Persons - Males - 40 thru 49:1
Free White Persons - Females - 5 thru 9:1
Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 14:1
Free White Persons - Females - 15 thru 19:2
Free White Persons - Females - 30 thru 39:1
Free White Persons - Under 20:7
Free White Persons - 20 thru 49:2
Total Free White Persons:9
Total - All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored):9

1840 Census, Chaham County, NC. Robt. Hardin.  This man was born in the range1781 to 1790. He was 50 through 59. The oldest woman was age 40-49. 

Free White Persons - Males - 5 thru 9 1
Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 14 1
Free White Persons - Males - 50 thru 59 1
Free White Persons - Females - Under 5 1
Free White Persons - Females - 5 thru 9 1
Free White Persons - Females - 15 thru 19 1
Free White Persons - Females - 40 thru 49 1
Persons Employed in Agriculture 3
Persons Employed in Manufacture and Trade 1
No. White Persons over 20 Who Cannot Read and Write 1
Free White Persons - Under 20 5
Free White Persons - 20 thru 49 1
Total Free White Persons 7
Total All Persons - Free White, Free Colored, Slaves 7

The above record agrees in age with the 1810 Moore County Robert Hardin who was 26-44 and born  1766-1784. Reconciling 1840 with 1810, Robert was born in the range 1781 to 1784. A Robert Hardin of this age would be a grandson of Gabriel Harding. Sue Step has his father as William Hardin b. 1753 (rtf), son of Gabriel Harding.

1820 census, Moore County, NC Shows Robt Hardin 19-26 and a woman 26-44. I don't believe there was a Robert that age in the Gabriel Harding family. A mark in the column to the left of where it should be is a better explanation, since it would put Robert at age 26-44, the same as the oldest woman.

1870 census, Hot Springs, Ark. Robert Hardin, age 84 (b. 1786 in NC) was working as a farm laborer adjacent to his apparent family Elias M. Hardin, b. 1830 in NC and his wife b. Tenn. and child. The age is a little off but he could be the Moore County, NC Robert Hardin. Findagrave says a tombstone with inexact dates in Burnett Cemetery, Hot Spring County, Ark.shows Robert Hardin b. 1876 and died 1883 at age 97.

Isaac Hardin Appears in Chatham NC and Pendleton SC

Chatham Co. N.C. Court Minutes 1781-1785, p. 22a, Session of 11 Nov 1782: "List of Insolvents Returned for the year 1781 in District 5, 6, and 7 by Joseph Rosser Deputy Sheriff, To Wit ...ISAAC HARDIN... 

At the 12 Aug 1777 division of Chatham County into districts, #5 was "All the land on the south side of Deep River in this County below the road leading from Conner Dowds."

1800 Pendleton District, SC census: ISAAC HARDEN and wife, age 26-44, and 4 boys under 16. He was born after 1756. He appeared in the same county with John and Gabriel Hardin in two different states, but he is the nephew of John Hardin and the son of Gabriel Harding of Deep River. By deed of 29 Aug 1804, from Greenville County, SC, Isaac Hardin sold his one-ninth part of the estate of Gabriel Harding to Benjamin Hardin.

James Hardin (son of Gabriel Harding). B. Dec 10, 1756, Lunenburg County Virginia; Died July 11, 1843

Much of the history of James Hardin's early life come from his Revolutionary War pension application no. R4592, 21 August 1832. See transcription and additional material at      Pension Application Local copy (accessed 15 March 2017)

Signature of James Harden 1832 Signature of James Hardin 1801

1801 Signature of James Hardin on the estate inventory of Gabriel Hardin in Randolph County, NC. See the inventory

Locations of James Hardin's military service

1777 Feb. He lived on Deep River. Entered as a militia volunteer from Cumberland Co, NC under Lt. Honeycutt in Lt. John Carroll's company of Cumberland County militia. Marched to Fayetteville, then Cross Creek to meet other troops of Guilford, Chatham, and Orange, and Granville counties, NC. Did not fight, but delivered Tory prisoners to Continental soldiers. Returned home 15 days after leaving home and remained on call.
1778, fall. Moved his family to Pacolet River, 96 District, SC (present Spartanburg & Cherokee Counties).
1778. Volunteered under Capt. Dixon to fight troops of Cunningham. Appointed orderly seargent. Scoured adjacent counties many times. Had a skirmish at head of Bush River.
1781 Dec. Requested discharge to follow his family to North Carolina where he had sent them.
On the way through Randolph Co NC he joined Whig volunteers for four weeks.He was during that dispached to Guilford Courthouse with a message. Upon his return he was discharged.
Found his family at a relative's on Deep River in Cumberland Co in October.
1782 Feb 2. Was induced to volunteer under Capt. William Goldston of Chatham County for 5 months. Discharged 1782 July 4

Amemded declaration 1833 May 21:
1777 Feb volunteered as private under Lt. Honeycutt. In actual service 15 days.
1780 spring. Served in SC 16 mo. and 3 days under Capt. Dixon.
Third service was under Col. Dugan in Randolph Co NC for 4 weeks as a private. He carried an express to Guilford Courthouse.
For 5 months his last service was under Capt. Goldston.

1800 census for Fayetteville district, Moore County, page 76: James Hardin
1M under 10, 1M 10-15, 1M 16-25, 1M 45 and over. 3F under 10, 1F 10-15, 1F 16-25,  1F 45 and over.

Rejected or suspended application for pensions, North Carolina. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC, February 23, 1852.

1832 Aug 21. Age 75. Lived in Moore Co NC since 1778 and filed application for pension.

1843 July 11. James Hardin died. His wife preceeded him. (see note at 1852.)

1852 Oct 5. Daughter Rebecca Hardin petitions for pension in Moore County NC. Says her father died 1843 Jul 11 leaving no widow.
1854 Jul 12. Moore Co resident William Shields testifies he is acquainted with James Hardin's daughters now living in Moore Co: Mary Mathews, Milberry Hardin, Susan Hardin, Rebecca Hardin.

Likely born before 1780, James Hardin, Jr. is listed in Account of the sale of Gabriel Hardin's effects March 5, 1801 (pdf)

Gabriel Hardin, Jr.

In or before 1814 Gabriel Hardin, Jr., John Hardin (possibly his son), and a neighbor, Nathan Vick, were convicted in Moore County of killing cattle by dogging or wearying or wearing them to death, and were fined $10 each and sentenced to 60 days imprisonment. We know this not from court records, but because a few dozen of their neighbors petitioned the governor of North Carolina on 18 August 1814 to remit the prison sentence. This writer does not know if the petition was granted or if they served their sentences. In 1814 both Gabriel Hardin, Jr. and Nathan Vick were over 49 years of age.  Here is a local copy of the 4-page petition in JPG as recovered from the records of 18 August 1814 of governor Hawkins.

The petition as transcribed by this writer in RTF. It will open in any word processor suite or in Windows Wordpad.

The North Carolina Archives copy at the State Library of North Carolina, North Carolina Digital Collections GOVERNORS’ PAPERS: WILLIAM HAWKINS CORRESPONDENCE, AUGUST 1814. See images 30-33.

1815-1816 Direct Tax delinquents. "...Will be sold at public sale at the Market House in the Town of Hillsborough in the County of Orange on the 21st day of August, 1818 at 10 o'clock A.M.:
Gabriel Harden, 250 acres more or less, $94 owed.

It remains to find if the sale took place, and to whom, and other results. This writer has not found it. Lacking further information, we can observe that if a $10 fine for Gabriel Hardin, Jr. in 1814 was excessive, and if he could not make a crop for one year due to being imprisoned six months, how much more impossible was it to pay $94? After 1918 we should look for Gabriel Hardin living with children or moving from the county.

Hardin names in Cumberland County Court Records

1770, Aug 18 -- Will, Cumberland County, NC page1  page2  page3  page4
Will of James Barnes,Dec’d. Heirs: wife Sarah [lower half of land and negro Will], daughter Elizabeth, cousin Joshua Barnes, cousin James Barnes, cousin Abigal Barnes, cousin and brother to Abigal Jeremiah Barnes. Executors:wife Sarah, her father Joseph Done [Dunn]and Cornelius Tison. Witnesses:Michael Russell, Gabriel Harden and James Russell. Proven Oct 1770.[Gabriel's actual signature is on will.] [This item was sent to us 9/12/2017 by Morgan Jackson of ] [The witness is most likely Gabriel Hardin, Senior.]Signature of Gabriel Hardin

1772, May 16 -- Civil Actions, Cumberland County, NC
Phillip Alston claimed that James Collins has taken up a stray mare owned by Alston.  Elisha Hunter summons Alston and Collins to appear.   Conner Dowd is security for Collins.  Wm. Seale, James Muse, William Harden, John May, Josep Furr, Charles Shearin, Clem Hancock, Willis Dickerson, John Carrell, Starlin Carrell, James Phillips, James Russell and Phillip Colling are also listed.  Unclear if they were witnesses, jury or other. [This item was sent to us 9/12/2017 by Morgan Jackson of ] [This is most likely William Hardin, the son of Gabriel Hardin.]

1775, Jan 27 -- 1771-1776 County Court Minutes, Cumberland County, NC

Gabriel Harden and Phillip Heron appointed patrollers from James McDonald’s on Deep River to James Muse’s. [This item was sent to us 9/12/2017 by Morgan Jackson of ] [This is most likely Gabriel Hardin, Junior, then in his 20s.]

1779, Jan 29 -- 1778-1779 County Court Minutes, Cumberland County, NC
Insolvents allowed by the court in Jacob Duckworth’s district: [selected names] John Harden, Jesse Collins, Benja. Elkins, Lennear Brewer, James Harden, Peter Graves, John Womble, Danl. Muse and Wm. Davis
[This item was sent to us 9/12/2017 by Morgan Jackson of ] [John Hardin sold out on 17 March 1778 and left for Burke County, NC. James Hardin was a volunteer in several militas and was away fighting in the war. See more elsewhere on this page. ]

Hardin names in Moore County Court Records Aug 1784 to May 1787

Moore County was created from Cumberland County in 1784.

Toward sorting out who's who and whether they're relatives or not. It is very tricky where two people of the same name live in the same county. Note that William, brother of Gabriel, was probably born about 1728. William (Nickname Chubby in one genealogy), son of Gabriel, was born about 1753. They both were in Moore County it appears.

Tuesday Nov 16, 1784. Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions. Ordered that WILLIAM HARDIN known by the name of BUCK be appointed Constable in the District of Captain Hunnicutt's and was qualified accordingly.

Tuesday Aug 7, 1784. Ordered that ISAAC HARDEN be appointed overseer of the road from Chatham County line to John Preston's and that the same hand work on the same which formerly did.

Monday Feb 21, 1785. WILLIAM HARDEN (BUCK) sworn to attend the grand jury this term.

Tuesday Feb 24, 1785. Ordered that ISAAC HARDIN be appointed overseer of the road from Chatham County line to the fork of the roads and all the hands which used formerly to work on the same are appointed still to continue thereon.

Wednesday Feb ten, 1785. Ordered that WILLIAM HARDIN, BUCK, be allow'd the sum of fifteen shillings for his attending on the grand jury three days this term.

Thursday May Term 1785. Ordered that the Sheriff summon the following persons to attend next Court as Jurors To wit, ...WILLIAM HARDEN ... GABRIAL HARDEN JUNR.

Wednesday Aug term 1785. No. 1. In the suit the State against Matthews Davis the State fi fo  following Jury to wit- ... GABRIAL HARDEN ... WILLIAM HARDEN...they find the defendant not guilty.

Tuesday Nov session 1785. No. 7. State vs GABRIAL HARDEN JR. Tresspass. Jury ... find the defendant guilty. Ordered by the court to pay 50 shillings. (image 40 of 221)

Wednesday Nov session 1785. State vs. JOHN HARDEN JR. Petit Larceny. Jury...find the defentant guilty. Reason of arrest being fully repaid - Opinion of the Court that the defendant be acquited.

Wednesday Nov session 1785. William Poplin being accused of stealing a mare the property of JOHN HARDENs being examined Ordered that the trial be postponed till tomorrow Philip Alston being his security for his appearance in __.

Thursday Nov session 1785. William Poplen came into court and on a second examination suspected stealing JOHN HARDEN. More it was ordered by the court that he be acquited.

Thursday Feb session 1786.Ordered that James More be appointed overseer of the road in the room of ISAAC HARDEN the ensuing year.

Tuesday May session of 86. Following jury sworn, To wit...WILLIAM HARDEN...

Thursday Aug 7 86.  #6 The State vs. Grizell Carmikle. Petit larceny. Jury sworn To Wit: ... WILLIAM HARDEN...

#7 The State vs. JOHN HARDEN. Petit Larceny. Same jury as #7. Nolli Grosequi by order of the court.

Wednesday Nov session 1786. James Williams vs. WILLIAM HARDEN SENR. Debt.

Jury sworn ... and find for Plaintiff 210-15 __ __ month.

Thursday Nov session of 76. #6. James Williams vs WILLIAM HARDEN. Debt. Same jury as no. 5 and find for the Plaintiff. 3. Execution til next court.

Wednesday 21st Feb 1787. #6. Ann Davis vs. Wm. Seale. LEA. Jury sworn To wit: ... GABRIEL HARDEN ... and find for Plaintiff 1-5 -- Reasons offer'd Ordered new trial.

Tuesday 22nd May 1787. No. 3. JOHN HARDEN vs. William Poplen. JAB Default & __. Same Jury as No. 2 above. The Plaintiff. Damages? to 20 and costs.

22 May. #4 Stephen King vs. John Black. Slander __ __ __. Jury sworn, To wit: ...JOHN HARDEN... and find for Defendant.

Tuesday May 22nd 1787. A bill of sale from Joseph McGee to WILLIAM HARDEN SENR. was duly proved in open court by the oath of Joseph Robson and Ordered to be recorded. 

An Inventory of Hardins in northern Moore County. The excellent Wallace Website land grant records at which includes Hardins, combined with the court records (above), allow a partial inventory of Moore County Hardins 1750-1800, though I can't claim they are sorted out.
Gabriel Hardin, Sr. b~1715
1762, bought land; deed said he lived in Lunnenburg, Va. 1770 sold to John Hardin. 1773, etc. Was a chain carrier for six land grant surveys. Very strong belief this is the i1a son of Samuel Harding (will 1732) and brother of John Hardin in neighboring Chatham County. He died 1801 Randolph County. After 1790 he would have been 75 years old, and references afterward may be to his son. References without the title could be to either of them.
Gabriel Hardin, Jr. b~1750
1785, specific references to Gabriel Hardin, Jr and William Hardin as both being called for jury duty. That same year also called as Gabriel Hardin. Also defendant in 1785. Could be the one who is chain carrier for land grants at
John Hardin b~1753 roughly
Arguably son of Gabriel Hardin and bought from him land adjacent in 1770.
John Hardin, Jr. b~1773 guess
1785 acquitted for petty larceny.
William Hardin b~1753
Son of Gabriel Hardin Sr. (A 1787 deed mentioned William Harden Sr.  Unknown if this one or Buck.) He received a grant of 200 acres S. of Deep River on 2-14-1786. Neighbors were McNeill and England. Chain carriers were William and Drury Richardson. The grant could have been to Buck Hardin.
William Hardin "Buck"
Unknown whether a relative. In the court record for attending (hospitality for, I think) the grand jury.
William Hardin, Jr.
Probably son of Buck.
Isaac Hardin
A road construction overseer Feb 24, 1785 from the Chatham County line, indicating he lived in northern Moore. A son of Gabriel who received 1/9 of his estate and sold it in 1804 to Benjamin Hardin.
James Hardin b.10 Dec 1756
Son of Gabriel Hardin Sr. His pension application stated he lived in Moore County since 1778 (until he died in 1843). He carried chain with ROBERT HARDIN. Was a chain carrier for William Cook 1797-11-28 for a survey on Fall Creek.
Robert Hardin
He carried chain in surveys with James Hardin at Persimmon Glade. Another son of Gabriel?
Jacob Hardin
Also carried chain with James Hardin on Richland Creek, Persimmon Glade.
Hugh C. Hardin
Adjacent property to grant receiver A. Stutts on 3-17-1851.
R. Hardin
Owned land west of Richland Creek when Jessee Stafford received a grant 8-31-1837.
George Hardin, Jr.
1773-11-25 was a chain carrier with Mary Lawson for a grant survey for David Lawson on both sides of Buffalo Creek.

Hardins Appearing in "The Wallace Family of Moore County, NC - 1788-1900" Timeline

Item 11, William Hardin
One of the surrounding neighbors of Evert Wallis, 1800 census p. 5

Item 20, Gabriel Harden
1816, Record of Estates Book B page 114, estate of Neil McLeod. Accounts due on the following as of 1816, estate probated in 1827 includes Gabriel Harden.

Item 28, James Hardin
One of the surrounding neighbors of Everet Wallace, 1820 ceusus p. 312

Item 67,  Robert Hardin
1831 record of estates book B page 244 (Estate of Jason Sowell). Items were purchased by Robert Hardin.

Item 132, Robert Hardin
1841, Fall -- 1834-1842 Superior Court Execution Docket. #9 John R. Ritter v. Robert Hardin. C.D. Smith, Josiah Wallace, James Matthews and John Paschal were witnesses.

Item 180, H.C. Hardin
1844, Fall -- 1843-1847 Superior Court Exeution Docket, #142 and 144 State v. John R. Ritter. Witnesses included H[ugh]C[heek] Hardin and Josiah Wallace.

Courtesy of the researcher Morgan Jackson at Retrieved Mar 28, 2017.

Loose Ends from the Inventory of Hardins in Northern Moore County

John Hardin, Jr. In 1785 was acqutted of petty larceny. Unknown. Born perhaps 1765-70. Note that John Hardin of Indiana b.~1753 had a son he named John Hardin, Jr. b. 1789 in Burke County. This one is probably a son of James, William, or Gabriel Jr., and he is a junior in the sense of being the younger John in the family. I can't rule out his being a son of Gabriel's brother John of Chatham County.

William "Buck" Hardin. Waited on the grand jury Feb. Term 1785.This could very well be Gabriel Hardin's younger brother, age about 60, who followed Gabriel from Brunswick to Lunenburg, and possibly to Moore.

William Hardin, Jr. Implied by 1786-87 mention of William Hardin, Senior. Also William Hardin Jr. was security for the marriage of David Williams and Tabitha Hardin in 1786. David Williams was an administrator, with James Hardin, of the intestate Gabriel Hardin in Randolph. I feel the two William Hardins are younger brother and nephew of Gabriel Hardin -- the nephew born roughly between 1740 and 1745, such that he could have a daughter, Tabltha, born 1770 to marry in 1785. If the senior William delayed his family like the other brothers did, then Junior may be the brother of Tabitha who married 1786. Mysterious.

Robert Hardin. He carried chain with James Hardin at Persimmon Glade.

Jacob Hardin. He also carried chain with James Hardin at Persimmon Glade and Richland Creek.

Hugh C. Hardin. He was adjacent to a grant receiver, A. Stutts, on 3-17-1851.

R. Hardin. Owned land west of Richland Creek when Stafford received a grant 8-31-1837.

George Hardin, Jr. Nov 25, 1773 was a chain carrier with Mary Lawson for a survey on Buffalo Creek.

Loose Ends

1774. On the 1956 map of early settlers previously mentioned, a John Hardin is plotted just north of the Deep River about 4 miles northwest of the home of Gabriel Harding on Lick Creek on the west of the big horseshoe. John is shown to have settled in 1774. That would be a different John Hardin than the one transacting land on the south side of Deep River throughout the 70s. He could be the John who appeared  a little further west, in Montgomery County, in censuses of 1787 and 1790. He is a tentative candidate (in my mind) to be the elusive Oran Hardin ancestor, John R. Hardin, if by re-examination of evidence  he could be shown to be in the I1a family of Hardins and if the age and travel trajectory of both can be superimposed.


1772. John Hunnicutt sold land to John Hardin in Cumberland County on 29 July 1772 [Abstracts of Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of Cumberland County, North Carolina, October 1755-January 1779, Volume 1, page 192]. This item was researched by Michael Moats of Marietta, Georgia in 1999 during his research of John Hunnicutt of Cumberland County and posted here: Local copy. This is the work of Michael Moats. Mistakes are mine. Moats' research finds the Hunnicutts' moves nearly parallel the Hardins'.  In 1747 John Hunnicutt and his brother Augustine left Surry County, VA, and went to the Southeast area of Granville County, NC, where they applied for a land grant. In 1755, they received grants in Granville... On 29 July 1772 John Hunnicutt sold land to John Hardin in Cumberland County.  On 22 January 1773, John Hunnicutt received a patent for 100 acres in Cumberland "on the lower side of Deep River joining Joseph Duckworth, Jr., the bank of said river and supposed lines of John McLendon or Gabriel Harden." He sold this land on 3 April 1775 to John Harden in a deed recorded in Deed Book F, page 455, and witnessed by his sons Randolph and John Hunnicutt.

Philip Alston purchased land from John Hunnicutt on 23 July 1776 in Cumberland which was obviously cut from larger land holdings as evidenced by a deed of 17 March 1778 in which Alston purchased from John Harden 80 acres "beginning at a Spanish oak a little below the Rocky Ford; thence along John Harden's and John Hunnicutt's line..." John Hunnicutt was a witness to the deed, which is recorded in Book F, page 480. The subject John Hardin is the one who sold out and went to Indiana by way of Burke County NC.

Hunnicutt summary: The family is from Surry County, Virginia. In 1755 they received grants in Granville, NC.  By 1765 they were in Cumberland County on the south side of the Deep River beside  the Hardins. A child of JOHN HUNNICUTT,  HARTWELL HUNNICUTT, received a land grant in Cumberland Co., NC, of 500 acres on 30 October 1765. In 1792 Randolph Hunnicutt was granted land in Abbeville District and on 26 Mile Creek in Pendleton District, SC. He lived many decades and died in Anderson County. Hartwell Hunnicutt resided in Pendleton District in the first US census.

 William Hardin (1778-1845) of the Moore County Hardins married Mary Ann Nave and settled in Carter County, Tennessee. See kit numbers B5353 and 304247 for the lineage up to William Hardin. William Hardin is shown to be in the I1a group of Hardins, the location of Moore County suggesting he's in the family of Gabriel Hardin. How he is linked is not established. (Thanks to Sue Austin and Gwen Hardin for encouraging Y-DNA testing of the William Hardin family.)

 Hugh Cheek Hardin I suspect he is the son of James Hardin Moore County. 
1840 Hugh C. Hardin lived in Moore County, age 20-30, wife wife 20-30, 2 boys under 5, 1 girl age 5-10. On the same census page is Abijah Hardin, age 30-40, and Richard Cheek. (R. L. Moon shows Richard Cheek of North Carolina "gave a statement in Moore Co., NC, supporting a pension app. filed by James HARDIN; states they served togeether under Capt William GOLDSTON for 5 months." Cheek genealogy at )

1851-3-17 Hugh C. Hardin lived in Moore County adjacent to grant receiver A. Stutts.
1860 Hugh Cheek Hardin lived in Moore County with his sister Rebecca Hardin. According to Sue Austin they are kin of Gabriel.

1860 -- Melvey Hardin, female of Moore County, died June 1860 at age 70 (born 1790). The cause of death was dropsy. She was born in North Carolina --from the federal census mortality schedule.

Gabriel Harding from Moore County moved to Randolph County before 1800

Gabriel Hardin entered a grant of 300 acres on both sides of Barnes Creek in Randolph County on June 19, 1793. The 300 acres was granted April 18, 1800. North Carolina Secretary of State Reords Group: Land Office: Land Warrants, Plats of Survey, and Related Records for Randolpy County . File No. 1307, grant no. 1377. MARS Id:, available at

Barnes Creek is in northern Montgomery County. Its headwaters are in southern Randolph County.

PHOTO COPY OF THE GRANT: Randolph-grant.htm

1790. Gabriel lost his wife in Moore County before this date. That is, no person of wifely age was shown in the household.

1800 Census. Gabriel Hardin lived alone with 3 slaves in Randolph County. He was over 45 years of age. The 3 slaves corresponds to the Moore County Gabriel Hardin, whose three slaves were inventoried and sold when he died.

1800 Census. Binjamin Harden (listed under Gabriel)  Himself age 26-44; wife age 26-44; 2 boys under 10; and 1 girl under 10. 

1800 Census in Randolph County, written page 319. Gabriel Harden is in Hillsboro district. He lives alone and has three slaves. He is age 45 and over.  Adjacent is a census listing for Benjamin Harden. 2 males under 10; himself 26-44; 1 female under 10; 1 female 26-44 presumably his wife.

It seems strange that the land request was at age 78 and he received it at 85.

Gabriel Harding dies Intestate in Randolph County, North Carolina

Credits: Thanks to Susan Hardin Austin of Joplin, Missouri and to Gwen Hardin of Kossee, Texas, for locating, about March 2015, the Moore County Gabriel Hardin in Randolph County, and for directing us to the documentation of his death, evidence of fatherhood of Isaac Hardin, and evidence of a 9-way division.

1801 Jan 13. Date of death.

1801. In Randolph County two administrators are appointed: James Hardin and David Williams.

1801 Inventory of estate

1801 original inventory of Gabriel Hardin, Deceased, with actual signature of James Hardin (See the signature reproduced on the James Hardin page.)
Transcription of above
Source:, North Carolina, Estate Files, 1663-1979 - North Carolina, Estate Files, 1663-1979 Randolph County H Harding, Gabriel (1801)(Use the index to find this item)

1801 court copy of the inventory
Source:, North Carolina, Probate Records, 1735-1970 Randolph Wills, 1794-1804, Vol. 02 (use the unindexed list to find this item)

Account of the sale of Gabriel Hardin's effects March 5, 1801 (pdf)
Source: "North Carolina, Estate Files, 1663-1979," index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 16 April 2015), Gabriel Harden, 1802; citing Randolph County, North Carolina, United States, State Archives, Raleigh; FHL microfilm 2,070,880.

Hardin and related buyers at the March 5, 1801 sale of Gabriel Hardin’s assets in Randolph County, North Carolina:     

Benjamin Harden....... Possibly a younger son of Gabriel. (B. 1756-1774, see 1800 census.)
Benjamin bought 12 items at a cost of 17-10-10.
David Williams........ Married Tabitha Hardin 1786. Security William Hardin Jr.*
David Williams is now age 35 or greater and Tabatha b. ~1769 now ~age 32.
Elisha Harden......... He bought the least of any Hardin, spending less than 5 on a knife, a saddle, and
6 pair pothooks.
James Harden.......... Son of Gabriel Hardin, b.10 Dec 1756. Now age 44.
James Hardin Jnr...... Presumed son of James Hardin. Now in mid-20s.
James Harden Cnr...... Senior, same as James Hardin.
John Harden........... Paid 162 for a slave girl at the sale.
Item: Benjamin Harden rented plantation tax paid - 1.10.0
Signed: David Williams, Administrator

*1785-1787 marriage register, Moore County. Located on page 382 of Will Book A, copy retrieved 3/20/17 from

*View marriage register at -- "North Carolina Probate Records, 1735-1970," images, FamilySearch, 21 May 2014, Moore > image 218 of 221; county courthouses, North Carolina.

On pages 2,3,4,5, and 7 of the reference cited under "Account of the sale of Gabriel hardin's effects March 5, 1801," above, the administrators of Gabriel Hardin Sr. were ordered  to pay a debt to Nicholas Nall, pursuant to a judgement against Gabriel Hardin, Junior. (Various abbreviations of "Junior" are seen on pages 3, 5, and 7.) The dates range from May to November 1802. The first order is typical:

"State of North Carolina, Randolph County, May term 1802
The Court ordered that David Williams & James Harden Administrators of Grabl Harden Dec'd be satisfied to appear at next Court on the 1st Monday of August next, to be Held for the County of Randolph, then and there to show cause, why they shall not pay to Nicholas Nale/Nall, the Amt. of a judgement which he obtained ag't Gabriel Harden Jun'r & costs according to their garnishment.

(signed)Jesse Jest? , T Harper, C.C."

The order of the May term was renewed 2 August 1802, ordering the administrators to appear the first Monday of November next.

Nicholas Nall wants to collect a judgement against Gabriel Hardin Junior -- and collect it from Junior's inheritance from his deceased father. Nicholas Nall evidently extended credit to Gabriel Hardin, Jr. back in Moore County. Junior did not live in Randolph County in 1801, nor, probably, did Nall. The censuses show that Nicholas Nall was born before 1770 in NC and lived in Moore County in 1790, 1810, and 1820, though he later moved to Randolph.

Bond of Administrators James Hardin & David Williams

Note: It is a form with information filled in that this writer can't decipher well.

p. 9, a form
State of North-Carolina
Know all men ... that we James Hardin David Williams, Joseph Rabin, Mannering? Berkhalter? & Hardiman Rooks. are held and firmly bound unto Gaberel Ward Jogn? Chairman of the Eantse? Constable? the...som of one thousand pounds to be paid to his said Chairman ... Sealed with our seals and dated this 16th day of February Anno Dom. 1801. ...

Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of T. Harper

James Hardin
David Williams (his mark)
Joseph Robins
Mang Rooks
Hardy Rooks (his mark)

p. 10, a cover: Sales of the Estate of Gabirel Harden. 654.3.3. R.B.B.P. 76

COMMENT. From looking at Gabriel's life I figure he would have been about 85 years of age when he died. The Benjamin Hardin living beside him in 1800 was age 26-44 (b. 1756-1774), and probably a young son. Because James Hardin in 1800 and also in 1820 lived in Moore County, his stay in Randolph County was temporary, beginning when he was called to his father's deathbed. James said in his pension application that he lived all his life after the Revolutionary War in Moore County.

1804 -- Isaac Hardin Sells His One-Ninth Share of 300 Acres in Randolph  County to Benjamin Hardin

Deed, Isaac Hardin of Greenville District SC to Benjamin Hardin of Randolph County NC (pdf) The above is in Randolph County Deed Book 8, page 437-438. It is dated 29 August 1804.
Transcription of above deed (txt).

Summary of deed: Aug 29, 1804. Isaac Hardin of Greenville District South Carolina to Benjamin Hardin of Randolph Co NC, for the sum of ten pounds in hand paid, all that part of a tract of land lying in Randolph County on the waters of Barnes Creek, the property of Gabriel Hardin [deceased], containing 300 acres, being the 9th part of the above mentioned tract.
Recorded Nov 1804 term.

Meaning of deed: Isaac Hardin of Greenville District, SC was a son and heir of Gabriel Hardin, one of nine heirs.  Benjamin was possibly a younger brother of Isaac and an heir.

It was  Gabriel Hardin of Moore County (not his nephew Gabriel Hardin of Pendleton District and Anson County)  who on 19 February 1793 requested a land grant. it was entered on 17 June 1793. The 300 acres on both sides of Barnes Creek was surveyed  on ___ 7th 1796. It was granted 8 April 1800. When Gabriel Hardin died 13 January 1801, the estate was administered by James Hardin of Moore County, NC.

  Location of the land: In Union Township (map) in southern Randolph County, southwest of Asheboro. The land was near Barnes Creek's source. The creek flowed south into Montgomery County. The creek lies completely within today's Uwharrie National Forest

The deed means that Isaac Hardin is a son of Gabriel Hardin, not a son of John Hardin of Billys Creek and Cape Fear.

The deed means Gabriel had nine heirs at law who survived to 1801. He had no living wife. Both daughters and sons -- but not wives -- inherited as explained below.

Notes on U.S. Laws of Descent

From A Treatise on the Laws of Descent, by Anson Bingham. San Francisco: Bancroft-Whfraey Company (1876) 

Summary: In the U.S. inheritance lineally descends to the issue of the person who died, as in Blackstone's first canon of descent. In North Carolina and many states the spouse inherited nothing.

Author Bingham continues: The second of the common law canons of descent, which prefers males to females, has not been adopted in this country.

The third canon, which prefers the oldest of the male descendants to all others, to the extent of excluding all the others, has no existence in this country.

The fourth canon, which regulates the manner and order of succession per stirpes instead of per capita where there are heirs standing to the stock of descent in different degrees of consanguinity, is substantially the law of all the States.

The sixth canon of the common law, preferring kindred of the whole blood to kindred of the half blood, is not the law of all the States. (In North Carolina no distinction was made between the whole and the half blood.)

Wild Geese

Mark and Hannah Hardin raised a family in Randolph County. Mark died before 1800. They are in the R1b1b2 gold group at, of the French Huguenot Hardouins. Mark Jr. is enumerated there in 1810. This line beginning with Mark Hardin, Sr. b. 1750, is shown at the DNA site, see kit no. 376821.  The DNA test and tree were coordinated by researchers Susan Hardin Austin and Gwenn Scott Hardin.

1800 census, Randolph County. A Hannah Hardin is head of household in Hillsboro district.  1 male 10-15; 1 female 10-15; 1 female 16-25; and one female 45 and over. An illegible number is written in females under 10. She is the widow of Mark Hardin, unrelated. A credible tree by Ron Hardin is at It may be necessary to look up the person Mark Hardin b. 1750.