Gabriel Harding of Moore County, NC

Grandson of Samuel Harding (will 1732) 

John Hardin, son of Gabriel Harding, born roughly 1753, a.k.a. John Hardin of Indiana

This page includes speculation for discussion among reseasrchers of this family. It is not finished genealogy tied up in a ribbon for harvesting. Corrections and better explanations are requested. Contact Travis Hardin at ke3y at comcast dot net.

We will now take up the story of John Hardin as he sold out  on 17 March 1778 and soon left Moore County. The evidence you will see suggests that John Hardin went to Burke County, NC, then to Washington County, Indiana. I don't know what constitutes proof. I will simply note what is on the record.

First, there is DNA evidence that Indiana John Hardin is of the i1a genotype, the family of which I'm a part and am investigating. See test #107329 of Dennis Leon Hardin at I have corresponded with Dennis, and he vouches for his family tree in this way in the summer of 2012: "I was told [about the family tree] by my uncle, Don Korkowski, who was an attorney in Rantoul, Illinois, and married to my aunt, Eileen, who was a Hardin. Don told me that his uncle, Roy Hardin, a doctor, did the work. He was very studious and had an immense lilbrary. Don would visit him and listen as he would talk of the books and studies he had finished and one of those was his research into the Hardin Family history." Don write this story to Dennis in 2012: "We went to visit Uncle Roy about once a year and he would take me to his library. He would tell me stories about how he came to buy the individual books...About a year after Uncle Roy died we stopped to see his son on a farm in southern Indiana. I asked what happened to the libary and ... he said if I wanted all the books I could have them for $50. I gave him $100 and loaded approximately 700 books into my trunk...and drove back to Illinios. ... I built new shelves in the basement of our house to display the books."

In summary of the first point, there is personal knowledge of the family line from my ear back to Roy Hardin, and of the type I1a DNA from Dennis Hardin back to Roy Hardin. Roy Hardin descended from and researched the  Indiana Hardins.  Dennis posted Roy's 1950 outline of the family tree here. It is spotty, but the main characters and places are there. It would be a pretty good bet that John Hardin of Washington County, Indiana, is genotype I1a.

Secondly, thanks to the sharing of an 1879 interview (rtf format), scanned from a book at Washington County Historical Society (pdf format)   sent by our relative Bernie Hardin (, we have it from the mouth of John Hardin of Washington County, Indiana (born 1798) that his father, Elisha Hardin, was born in Deep River, North Carolina about 1770. He means, of course, he was born on the shores of Deep River in Cumberland County, later known as Moore County. Below you will see that in 1770 land was deeded to John Hardin from Gabriel Hardin(g) on Deep River. I now have  little doubt that John Hardin of Indiana was the son of Gabriel Hardin of Moore County, North Carolina. There is always room for some doubt: Is it always true that an older man's land sale to a younger man of a plot directly beside him is a father-to-son transaction? Not always, but it is likely, wouldn't you say? The interview also is more than adequate proof of the existence of Henry Hardin as a son of Elisha and consequently verifies the connection of Bernie Hardin (FTDNA kit# 38600) to the I1a Hardins of Indiana.

It is not my goal on this Web page to compile the genealogy of John Hardin of Indiana, but to learn if there was a bridge between Moore County to Burke County to Indiana. The bridge has been made thanks to the cooperation of several researchers. However much of the genealogy is done in the 1879 interview, in which John Hardin, son of Elisha, enumerates his brothers, sisters, father, mother, and children. In the interview three of John's siblings were named who had not been named by Roy Hardin, and they are child number 4, Henry; number 9, Elvira; and number 11, Clarissa, although it's possible she was Roy Hardin's Theressa. According to the 1879 interview, the children of Elisha were (in birth order):
Himself, John Hardin, June 23, 1798 in Burke County, North Carolina
Elizabeth Hardin.
Stephen, 1801-1874.
Henry Hardin, 1803-1867.  19 July 1845. See Bernie Hardin comment below.
Aaron Hardin, 1804-1841.
Sally Hardin, 1807, living.
William W. Hardin, 1809.
Matilda Hardin,1811-1833.
Elvira Hardin, 1813-1876.
Jane Hardin, 1815, 1838.
Clarissa S. Hardin 1817.
George W. Hardin, 1818.
Elisha Hardin, abt. 1770,Deep River, North Carolina.
Sallie Hardin, 1774, died at age 86.

Correction by Bernie Hardin of Iowa, added Jan. 2017: The 1879 listing for the sons of Elisha Hardin shows Henry’s death as 1867. While I have seen this listed in several family trees (which most likely have been copied and not researched), the date is not correct. Henry R. Hardin (my 3rd great grandfather) died 19 July 1845. At that time he was Sheriff of Christian Co., Illinois. I thought you might want to add this note so that those using this information are not led down the wrong path.

Timeline of John Hardin b ~1753

The birth date of John Hardin, in a history received at the Washington County Historical Society (Indiana) on March 20, 1984 from Virginia Miller, is said to be 1753. I thank Ann Bradford of the HFA for faxing me the handwritten history  (fill notes) in February 2014. The birthplace is said to be Burke County, NC, which is not right. I am not able to refine it further except to guess it may be earlier if his eldest was born 1770. For the place of his birth see the whereabouts of his father Gabriel. John is said in the above history to have died after 6 Aug 1833, Washington County, Indiana.

Claimed children of John Hardin, Sr. in the above  handwritten history are: Stephen Elisha Hardin, 1775-1849, will prob. 18 May 1849; Aaron Hardin, 17 Dec 1789-17 Jun 1855;  John Hardin, Jr. 1795; Sarah Catherine Hardin; Stephen Hardin 17 Oct 1802-14 Sep 1825; Benjamin Hardin; "Probably more" "All born N.C." . (Note the long gaps between children.)

In Cumberland County, North Carolina (find deeds here:

John Hunnicutt sold land to John Hardin in Cumberland County on 29 July 1772 [Abstracts of Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of Cumberland County, North Carolina, October 1755-January 1779, Volume 1, page 192].

On 22 January 1773, John Hunnicutt received a patent for 100 acres in Cumberland "on the lower side of Deep River joining Joseph Duckworth, Jr., the bank of said river and supposed lines of John McLendon or Gabriel Harden." [Colony of North Carolina 1765-1775 Abstracts of Land Patents, Vol. 2 by Margaret M. Hoffman, Patent Book 22, page 176] He sold this land on 3 April 1775 to John Harden in a deed recorded in Deed Book F, page 455, and witnessed by his sons Randolph and John Hunnicutt

Philip Alston purchased land from John Hunnicutt on 23 July 1776 in Cumberland which was obviously cut from larger land holdings as evidenced by a deed of 17 March 1778 in which Alston purchased from John Harden 80 acres "beginning at a Spanish oak a little below the Rocky Ford; thence along John Harden's and John Hunnicutt's line..." John Hunnicutt was a witness to the deed, which is recorded in Book F, page 480.

Research of Michael Motes at

On 17 March 1778 John Hardin sold all his land in Cumberland County. One tract was  adjoining Gabriel Hardin. The area did not become Moore County until 1784.

1778 John Hardin to Philip Alston (manuscript)
1778 John Hardin to Philip Alston (text)

In  Burke County, North Carolina (find summaries of grants for all North Carolina at and see patent book here:

John Hardin entered a claim for 640 acres on 7 June 1778, almost three months from the date the presumably same John Hardin sold in Moore County. It was issued 14 Mar 1780 "on both sides of the East and middle forks of Hunting Creek waters of the Catawba River." The location is on the north side of Morganton and on the south side of the Catawba River.

August 1778, Showing Harden on Beaverdam Branch:
Burke County North Carolina Land Records by Edith Warren Huggins:1778, Volume I /Pg. 65/#693, Pg. 232: William Allen, 250 acres Beaverdam Branch, joining John Hawkins, including improvements by HARDEN(?). Entered 28 Aug. 1778.

A 1787-1800 grant to John Harden on Silver Creek 50A

An 1814-1815 Burke County patent for 200 A. to Aaron Hardin

Aaron Hardin is a son, b. 1789, of John Hardin. Both later moved to Indiana.

An 1821-1822 grant to John Hardin 50 A. on a fork of Hew Creek

Another John Hardin in Burke County

To confuse matters, John "The Taylor" Hardin lived in Burke County and possibly received the later two land grants. This man may not be related. He was in service 1789. A good deal is in his Revolutionary War pension application at with the manuscript at  This John Hardin was born 1774, married Nancy Porter 1774 in Guilford, NC, Moved to Burke County after 1800. He died in 1821 in Burke County. Later his widow Nancy moved to Blount County, Tenn. from where she filed the application. Some of his children are said on trees to be John Porter Hardin, 1797 NC; Nancy Rebecca 1775 Guilford Co.; and Thomas S., 1800 Guilford Co., died Sevier Co., Tenn. There was a Captain Hardin of Burke County during the revolution.  It was not "The Taylor."

Nancy Hardin of Blount County, Tennessee, in a rejected Revolutionary War pension application said on 12 Jan 1853 in a deposition that her husband John Hardin died in Burke County, North Carolina on the first day of April 1821. And that they were married in Guilford County, N.C. U.S., Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, 1800-1900 [database on-line], frame 541 of 883.

1832 Nov 3 - John P. Hardin of Burke County, Newspaper Salesman
"The following Gentlemen will oblige me by acting as Agents for the WATCHMAN in the several Counties, where they reside.
BURKE COUNTY ... John P. Hardin, Esq.
H.C. Jones [publisher]"

In The Carolina Watchman, Salisbury, NC, Nov 3, 1832, page 1. Source: State Library of North Carolina, North Carolina Digital Collections, database online, accessed Mar 27, 2017.

A John Hardin Jr. in Moore County

"State vs. JOHN HARDEN JR. Petit Larceny" is John Hardin, Jr.'s undignified introduction in November 1785. He may also be mentioned under the name John in the Moore County records (See Gabriel Harding). "Junior" could mean in those days a younger man of the same name, not necessarily a son. Junior is possibly a son of one of the other brothers of John Hardin of Indiana. John of Indiana gave a son, born in 1795, the name John. Chances are he would not give two sons the same name.

John Hardin Family by the Census -- 1810 Morganton, Burke County, NC

Free White Males Free White Females
Under 10         Under 10
10-15            10-15
16-25            16-25
26-44            26-44
45 & Over        45 & Over

312 HARDON, Moses 2-0-0-1-0  4-0-0-1-0 00 00
308 HARDIN, John  0-1-1-0-1  0-0-1-0-1 00 00

The census shows his children left Burke County before 1820, at which time Mr. and Mrs. John Hardin, not young, lived alone in Burke County. By some means they later joined the children in Indiana, after living a while in Kentucky (which I have not researched).

Hardin names in Moore County Court Records Aug 1784 to May 1787
(In the final version I will remove this section from the John Hardin page and leave it only on the Gabriel Hardin page. I leave it for fact-checking by the reader.)

Toward sorting out who's who and whether they're relatives or not. It is very tricky where two people of the same name live in the same county.

Tuesday Nov 16, 1784. Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions. Ordered that WILLIAM HARDIN known by the name of BUCK be appointed Constable in the District of Captain Hunnicutt's and was qualified accordingly.

Tuesday Aug 7, 1784. Ordered that ISAAC HARDEN be appointed overseer of the road from Chatham County line to John Preston's and that the same hand work on the same which formerly did.

Monday Feb 21, 1785. WILLIAM HARDEN (BUCK) sworn to attend the grand jury this term.

Tuesday Feb 24, 1785. Ordered that ISAAC HARDIN be appointed overseer of the road from Chatham County line to the fork of the roads and all the hands which used formerly to work on the same are appointed still to continue thereon.

Wednesday Feb ten, 1785. Ordered that WILLIAM HARDIN, BUCK, be allow'd the sum of fifteen shillings for his attending on the grand jury three days this term.

Thursday May Term 1785. Ordered that the Sheriff summon the following persons to attend next Court as Jurors To wit, ...WILLIAM HARDEN ... GABRIAL HARDEN JUNR.

Wednesday Aug term 1785. No. 1. In the suit the State against Matthews Davis the State fi fo  following Jury to wit- ... GABRIAL HARDEN ... WILLIAM HARDEN...they find the defendant not guilty.

Tuesday Nov session 1785. No. 7. State vs GABRIAL HARDEN JR. Tresspass. Jury ... find the defendant guilty. Ordered by the court to pay 50 shillings. (image 40 of 221)

Wednesday Nov session 1785. State vs. JOHN HARDEN JR. Petit Larceny. Jury...find the defentant guilty. Reason of arrest being fully repaid - Opinion of the Court that the defendant be acquited.

Wednesday Nov session 1785. William Poplin being accused of stealing a mare the property of JOHN HARDENs being examined Ordered that the trial be postponed till tomorrow Philip Alston being his security for his appearance in __.

Thursday Nov session 1785. William Poplen came into court and on a second examination suspected stealing JOHN HARDEN. More it was ordered by the court that he be acquited.

Thursday Feb session 1786.Ordered that James More be appointed overseer of the road in the room of ISAAC HARDEN the ensuing year.

Tuesday May session of 86. Following jury sworn, To wit...WILLIAM HARDEN...

Thursday Aug 7 86.  #6 The State vs. Grizell Carmikle. Petit larceny. Jury sworn To Wit: ... WILLIAM HARDEN...

#7 The State vs. JOHN HARDEN. Petit Larceny. Same jury as #7. Nolli Grosequi by order of the court.

Wednesday Nov session 1786. James Williams vs. WILLIAM HARDEN SENR. Debt.

Jury sworn ... and find for Plaintiff 210-15 __ __ month.

Thursday Nov session of 76. #6. James Williams vs WILLIAM HARDEN. Debt. Same jury as no. 5 and find for the Plaintiff. £3. Execution til next court.

Wednesday 21st Feb 1787. #6. Ann Davis vs. Wm. Seale. LEA. Jury sworn To wit: ... GABRIEL HARDEN ... and find for Plaintiff £1-5 -- Reasons offer'd Ordered new trial.

Tuesday 22nd May 1787. No. 3. JOHN HARDEN vs. William Poplen. JAB Default & __. Same Jury as No. 2 above. The Plaintiff. Damages? to £20 and costs.

22 May. #4 Stephen King vs. John Black. Slander __ __ __. Jury sworn, To wit: ...JOHN HARDEN... and find for Defendant.

Tuesday May 22nd 1787. A bill of sale from Joseph McGee to WILLIAM HARDEN SENR. was duly proved in open court by the oath of Joseph Robson and Ordered to be recorded. 

An Inventory of Hardins in northern Moore County. The excellent Wallace Website land grant records at which includes Hardins, combined with the court records (above), allow a partial inventory of Moore County Hardins 1750-1800, though I can't claim they are sorted out.
Gabriel Hardin, Sr. b~1715
1762, bought land; deed said he lived in Lunnenburg, Va. 1770 sold to John Hardin. 1773, etc. Was a chain carrier for six land grant surveys. Very strong belief this is the i1a son of Samuel Harding (will 1732) and brother of John Hardin in neighboring Chatham County. Date of death is unknown. After 1790 he would have been 75 years old, and references afterward may be to his son. References without the title could be to either of them.
Gabriel Hardin, Jr. b~1750
1785, specific references to Gabriel Hardin, Jr and William Hardin as both being called for jury duty. That same year also called as Gabriel Hardin. Also defendant in 1785. Could be the one who is chain carrier for land grants at
John Hardin b~1753 roughly
Arguably son of Gabriel Hardin and bought from him land adjacent in 1770.
John Hardin, Jr. b~1773 guess
1785 acquitted for petty larceny.
William Hardin b~1753
Son of Gabriel Hardin Sr. (A 1787 deed mentioned William Harden Sr.  Unknown if this one or Buck.) He received a grant of 200 acres S. of Deep River on 2-14-1786. Neighbors were McNeill and England. Chain carriers were William and Drury Richardson. The grant could have been to Buck Hardin.
William Hardin "Buck"
Unknown whether a relative. In the court record for attending (hospitality for, I think) the grand jury.
William Hardin, Jr.
Probably son of Buck.

Isaac Hardin
A road construction overseer from the Chatham County line, indicating he lived in northern Moore. Another son of Gabriel?
James Hardin b.10 Dec 1756
Son of Gabriel Hardin Sr. His pension application stated he lived in Moore County since 1778 (until he died in 1843). He carried chain with ROBERT HARDIN. Was a chain carrier for William Cook 1797-11-28 for a survey on Fall Creek.

Robert Hardin
He carried chain in surveys with James Hardin at Persimmon Glade. Another son of Gabriel?
Jacob Hardin
Also carried chain with James Hardin on Richland Creek, Persimmon Glade.
Hugh C. Hardin
Adjacent property to grant receiver A. Stutts on 3-17-1851.
R. Hardin
Owned land west of Richland Creek when Jessee Stafford received a grant 8-31-1837.
George Hardin, Jr.
1773-11-25 was a chain carrier with Mary Lawson for a grant survey for David Lawson on both sides of Buffalo Creek.

The Hardins in Washington County, Indiana

Sheckler Notes on the Washington County Hardins from 1984 that might interest that family's researchers. Rreceived from Ann Bradford of the HFA by TLH via fax Feb 2014 .

A book of Civil War Letters written to his family by John J. Hardin of Livonia, Ind. exists on the Web, courtesy of compiler Earl R. Boston, copier Fred J. Renolds, the Wayne County Public Library, and The book is called "CIVIL WAR LETTERS OF JOHN J. HARDIN OF LIVONIA, INDIANA, A CAPTAIN IN COMPANY E, 23RD INDIANA INFANTRY 1861-1864." John J. Hardin was a son of John Hardin b. 1798, who was the narrator in the pioneer-pickings-1879-hardin.pdf on this site. The Indiana yankee soldier was a fourth cousin of the rebel Georgia private Milton A. Hardin whose letters I've reprinted on this site.

Who is Ichabod Hardin?

A biography of Elisha Hardin appeared in the 1896 book "A Memorial and Biographical Record of Iowa - Vouume 2"  The book can be found at The author is probably F. M. Drake.

Here is the Elisha Hardin biography on two excerpted pages (678-679). It is a non-searchable graphic PDF. Here is my summary of his dates and his ancestors' as published. I think the author interviewed Elisha Hardin and possibly his children, so Elisha is the source for genealogical purposes.

"A native of Indiana, he was born in the vicinity of Hardinsburg, Washington County, February 22, 1822. His father, John Hardin, was born in North Carolina, July 5, 1795... After his marriage he and his wife began their domestic life in Washington county, but subsequently removed to Elfingham county, Illinois, where the father died in 1885, in his eighty-eighth year. His wife passed away at the same place, in the eighty-second year of her age. The paternal grandfather of our subject, John Hardin, was born and rared in North Carolina, but spent his last days in Indiana. He was of Scotch-Irish extraction. His father was Eichabud [Ichabod] Hardin, who emigrated from England to the United States and reared a family of thirteen sons, all of whom reached years of maturity."

The father of John Hardin, Sr. of Deep River, according to an interview from the lips of great-grandson Elisha Hardin, was Eichabud Hardin.

Source 1: On this and Gabriel Harding pages - Actual Cumberland / Moore County land records from the time of the transaction place Gabriel Hardin (b. abt. 1710) and John Hardin Sr (b. abt. 1754) directly adjacent.

Source 2: A few years before 1896, Elisha Hardin, age 74 and quite lucid said his paternal great-grandfather was named Ichabod, that Ichabod emigrated from England and in the American colonies reared 13 sons, all or whom reached maturity.


Direct versus indirect evidence. It is conclusively established by microfilm of original documents that John Hardin Sr. bought land directly beside Gabriel Harding on Deep River, NC., then sold out and got a grant in Burke County. That hints at John being a son of Gabriel, or a close relative. It is possible that Gabriel Harding had a brother or cousin named Eichabud (Ichabod) whose son took up with Gabriel, though no other mention of that name has surfaced.

The indirectness of the 1896 statement is that the fact is passed down through 3 generations. (John Hardin Sr, who obviously knew who his father was, told John, Jr. who told Elisha who told the interviewer. The uncertain father would have been dead around a hundred years before his name was told by Elsha Hardin. Does the reader know who his great-grandfathers are before researching? I was told mine's name by my grandfather, but nothing else. It is possible and even normal, it seems to me, to know your great-grandfather's name.

Written like a popular cliché. An author of a genealogy help book once said that she more than once has seen the cliché of the man who immigrated from England and came from a very large family of sons, all of whom lived. As soon as I find that, or a refutation, I will post it.

Emigration from England. A breadcrumb trail and DNA evidence lead to a common American I1a ancestor, and that seems so far to be Samuel Hardin of Brunswick County, Virginia (will 1732). Samuel Hardin lived in the American colonies long enough to buy a farm and raise children to young adulthood. His birth I guess at 1690 or before, and he seems to have come from Surry or Isle of Wight County, Va. Samuel I think is Gabriel's (and  Ichabod's)  father. I don't think Samuel came directly from England. Certainly his son Gabriel (or Ichabod) did not.

Nature of the publication. A biographical publication can be boastful, just like a county history that makes every county sound like heaven. I think Elisha's account is interesting and consistent and truthful -- until he gets to the great-grandfather's story.

Concluding the discussion. We need to keep looking with an open mind for an Ichabod Hardin related to Gabriel Harding, a man who may or may not have 13 sons.