Jamestown and Elizabeth City County notes and research, 1600's 

This writer believes, with less than firm evidence, that the earliest immigrant ancestor of Samuel Hardin (will 1732) of Brunswick County, Virginia, namely his father or grandfather, might have claimed a headright along the James River, or may by chance have been among one of the earlier waves of Jamestown settlers. With these possibilities in mind I created this page to help guide other researchers in those areas.

Records hint the Powells (will witnesses) and McCarthy (guardian) came from Isle of Wight and Surry Counties.  (The latter was James City County until 1652). The family of the Brunswick court clerk Drury Stith,gentleman, was a privileged family that lived east of the James River. Drury Stith Jr. settled alongside Gabriel Hardin in  Lunenburg County. Nothing proved there, except to show the sweep of migration into and out of Brunswick County.

Research Resources

The Virginia Colonial Records Project search page

A fully-searchable index to almost 15,000 reports that survey and describe documents relating to colonial Virginia history that are housed in repositories in Great Britain and other European countries. Survey report images are available online with references to microfilm reels for the original documents.

Search on the names Harding, Hardin, Harden, Arden, and variations, and any terms of interest.

This is the source,  for example, of a 1617 report from Lewes Hughes from the Summer Islands (Bermuda) to Sir Robert Rich of the same place. Robert Rich had received a hive of  bees from his brother Sir Nathaniel Rich in England the year before, the first bees to arrive in Bermuda from England.  The letter mentioned a dispach of books and that Mr. Harding's books had a certain mark "in a little barrel." Shipments were from and to England, Bermuda, and Jamestown, and sometimes the West Indies. This writer does not know where Mr. Harding lived.
"Quarter Sessions Records and Papers: Examinations and Depositions 1622-1644," in the Southampton Record Office, also known as "Manchester Papers." (Find it by searching the Virginia Colonial Records Project.)

Another example: Mention of George Hardy, a Virginia Planter in 1651, executor of Mr. Lamb.


Virginia Memory from the Library of Virginia. Choose Digital Collections for online records.

Contains many more online records. The Virginia Colonial Records Project is a subset.


Inventory of Hardings

CAUTION
This page includes speculation for discussion among reseasrchers of this family. It is not finished genealogy tied up in a ribbon for harvesting. Corrections and better explanations are requested. Contact Travis Hardin at ke3y at comcast dot net.

The theory that seems to fit -- I venture to say it is proven -- is that Samuel Harding of Brunswick County, Virginia, is an ancestsor of the I1a Hardins. I can see no further back.

At this stage of my research and speculation no Jamestown ancestor or headright immigrant has been identified. If Samuel Harding came from Surry County near the James River, is it not a possibility that his father could have been a 1600's emigrant who claimed headright lands, or a Jamestown settler? Is it not a good idea to research these possibilities, as well as the possibility that Samuel Harding's family, along with the Powells, came from further north in Virginia?

Therefore these related pages about the 1600s are places to write notes as the area is researched.

Please consider these notes place holders until a great deal more is verified.


A researcher friend said that in 1623 Christopher Hardin, Jamestown settler, was killed in the Jametown Massacre. Thomas Harding survived it and was in Elizabeth City County.

A Jamestown Society qualifying ancestor is George Hardin. Another is George Hardde, listed at http://www.jamestowne.org/ Jamestowne_Society_Qualifying_Ancestors_List_Pg_3.htm. These names represent research to be done.