Son of Samuel Harding (will 1732)

John Hardin (companion of Gabriel Hardin) of Chatham County, NC and Pendleton District, SC

The discussion of "Some John Hardins in Brunswick and Amelia Counties, Virginia, 1740s," sorting out the Tuckaho Creek Hardins, has been moved to tuckaho.htm

John Hardin (~1728 to ~1800) In a Nutshell

John Hardin is the probable son of Samuel Hardin of Brunswick County, Virginia (will 1732) and is probably not one of "my three eldest sons," but one of "Children [not] of age." and born between 1722 and 1732. If he was the child being carried, he was born in 1733. Born at that late date, John would still have time to have children by 1752.

In 1761 John the believed son of Samuel, age 33, shall we venture, moved across the line to eastern Granville County, North Carolina where he bought land on Billys Creek, in what may prove to be the immediate vicinity of the senior Samuel Hardin's land. John Hardin's history before 1761 is unknown by this writer. It could be guessed he lived near home in Brunswick County.

John Hardin left Granville County in 1769 and by 1772 acquired land in southern Chatham County, North Carolina. He and his maturing children, and children grown with families, lived in Chatham County fifteen years. John left for Pendleton  District around 1787 with his son Gabriel. His children dispersed between 1784 and 1800. I find no record of him after 1800.

Known children of John Hardin:

Gabriel Hardin (b.bef. 1753)

Went to Pendleton District, South Carolina with his father     Left Pendleton for Anson County, NC     Was in Randolph County in 1830

Nicholas Hardin (1757, from being appointed overseer of roads in Orange County 1777.)

Migrated to Washington County, Georgia later than the rest. He bought and sold land often and was involved in surveys. He is last recorded in Chatham County on 2 Aug 1791, and last in Orange County in April 1797.  He is first seen in Georgia when he registers for the 1805 land lottery. His wife Mary jointly signed a deed in 1797.

John Hardin (Jr.) (b. ~1760)

John Hardin appears in the Uwharrie Mountains in Montgomery County, NC during the state census of 1787 and in the 1790 US census there. In neighboring Cararrus County in 1799 (where there were no Hardins)Tempy (Temperance) Hardin married Lewis Bolen with Gabriel Hardin as bondsman, and went to Warren County, Tennessee. Likewise, in Cabarrus County in 1801 Moses Hardin married Sophia Hise and later went to Madison County, Tennessee. Moses Hardin is a known ancestor of a DNA test subject #260009 (hhhdna.com) who tests as I-M253 --this family -- therefore his father is an ancestor.

To father this John, there is a limited choice of sons of Samuel Hardin who migrated into North Carolina beyond Granville, and that choice is either Gabriel Hardin, William Hardin, or John Hardin. Gabriel Hardin's son John went to Indiana. The Montgomery County man is a son of John or William.

Robert M. Hardin b. 1761, m. Mary Deaton

Speculative, from the 1806 Chatham County will of Hardin neighbor John Deaton. See Deaton Will, below..

Adam Hardin (1761-69)

Migrated to Washington County, Georgia.

Eve Hardin (bef 1770)

Migrated to Washington County, Georgia. Married David Clay in Warren County, Ga.

James Hardin (bef 1777)

Witnessed a deed from Nicholas and Mary Hardin in Orange County 20 Apr 1797. It is possible he's a son of one the above, most likely the eldest son of Nicholas.

SUMMARY OF JOHN HARDIN IN BUTE AND GRANVILLE COUNTY

John Harding received from the Granville Proprietary Land Office a North Carolina land grant of 554 acres on 5 December 1761 on the northwest side of Billys Creek in Granville County. On 6 May 1768 he sold to William Winston 455 acres of the "554 acres granted to Hardin 5 Dec 1761," receiving 35. The deed was proven in November 1768. The land was in eastern Granville County in an area later to become Bute County. Today it is Franklin County.

Bute County was created from Granville County in 1764. Bute County ceased to exist in 1779 when it was divided into Franklin County (south) and Warren County (north). The county designation "FWV" seen particularly in the compilation "North Carolina Taxpayers" refers to Franklin, Warren, and Vance, the three modern county that would have Bute and eastern Granville records.

CAUTION
This page includes speculation for discussion among researchers of this family. It is not finished genealogy tied up in a ribbon for harvesting. Corrections and better explanations are requested. Contact travis hardin at ke3y at comcast dot net.

Land entry: 1761 Jan 6. 700 acres. Harding, John, Granville Co.  Descriptive reference Billys Creek, John Frohock Plat: 1761 Jan 28, 554 acres. Chain carriers: John Champion, John Harding.

(Secretary of State Records Group, Granville Proprietary Land Office: Land Entries, Warrants, and Plats of Survey.  Summary of record at mars.archives.ncdcr.gov.Mars ID: 12.12.30.47.

Harding, John, Granville Co., Dec 5, 1761 554 acres Location: Northwest side of Billys Creek.Mars ID: 12.13.40.35.

Duplication: Harding, John, Granville Co., Dec 5 1761 554 acres "On the NW side of Billys Creek Beginning at a Spanish Oak" references D.B. 11, p. 389, file no. 392, MARS ID 12.14.66.389.

1763 Feb 8. (Deed Book F p 93) JOHN HARDIN and wife SARAH to Robert Allen, Jr. for 20 pds., 100 acres in Granville Co. on W side of Billie Creek in Parker's line. Witness: James Sandland, John Champion, Jr
--"Abstracts of the Early Deeds of Granville County, North Carolina 1746-1765," F-93, by Zae Hargett Gwynn. Pub. by Joseph W. Watson, Rocky Mount, NC 1974..

DB-2, page 128. 6 May 1768. JOHN HARDIN to WILLIAM WINSTON, both of Bute Co. 35 Pds. Va. money for 455 A. in Bute Co. on NWS Bettys Creek, adj. PARKER, McKESCOCK(McKESOCK), CHAVERS, DAVIS & FROHOCK, a grant from THOS. CHILDS, Esq., Agent of EARL GRANVILLE 5 December 1761. Wit: DAVID DAVIS, JONATHAN DAVIS. Proved by JONATHAN DAVIS, Bute November Court 1768, BEN McCULLOCH, C.C.Reg: 30 March 1768, by WILLIAM JOHNSON, P.R. --ABSTRACTS OF BUTE COUNTY, NC DEED BOOK 2 PART 1 OF 3.

A Deed of Bargain and Sale from John Hardin to William Winston was proved by the Oath of Jonathan Davis a Witness ordered the same be registered. --Bute County, NC Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, 1767-1779, Second Tuesday in November 1768

SOURCES: Note: Summaries of land transactions from the North Carolina State Archives.are online at Manuscript and Archive Reference System (MARS),  http://mars.archives.ncdcr.gov/

Abstracts of Butte Couty, NC Deed Books are at http://www.ncgenweb.us/ncstate/historical/ Bute/dbook1-5/db2-1.htm, from Original by Mary Hinton Kerr,

The tract Hardin sold to Winston was the 5 Dec 1761 grant. The mention of 700 acres as well as the grant dated 28 Jan 1761 seem to be abortive or duplicate. Another MARS record (12.144.66.436) shows a grant issued Dec 1 1760 to John Harding in Granville County in deed book 11, page 399, "beginning at Youngs corner." It was possibly abortive.  I am only sure of John Hardin owning one tract of 554 acres.


Second Tuesday in November 1768. A deed of bargain and sale from John Hardin to William Winston was proved by the Oath of Jonathan Davis a Witness thereto and ordered the same be register'd.

Bute County, North Carolina Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, 1767-1779 , Brent Holcome, p.28 (ancestry.com)

Above, the sale from Hardin to Winston was proved in court nearly eight years later. Below, deed extracts are proof that a Hardin, perhaps John, owned property at Eaves Mill in Granville County, NC on 15 Feb 1769. On 14 April 1769 the same Hardin is noted as a former owner of the same property. This is believably, though not certainly, the same John Hardin who went on to buy and sell land in the early 1780s in Chatham County, NC, and in the early 1790s in Washington/Pendleton District, South Carolina. John Hardin is last noted in Bute County on 16 Nov 1769 as a witness in the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of Bute County.

DB-2, pase 231. 8 November 1768. WILLIAM KIMBROUGH, of Bute Co., to THOMAS PERSON, of Granville Co. 50 Pds. Procl. money for 400 A. in Buts Co. on branches of Lynches & Kings Creeks, land MARK HARDEN bought from ROBERT JONES,JR., adj. line formerly EAVES. Wit: ISAAC ACREE, SAMUEL HUCKABAY. Ack: by WILLIAM KIMBROUGH, Bute May Court 1769, BEN McCULLOCH, C.C. Reg: 18 September 1769, by WILLIAM JOHNSON, P.R.

DB-2, page 131. 15 February 1769. OSBORN JEFFREYS, Sheriff, to THOMAS BELL, both of Bute Co. 35 Pds. Procl. money, highest bid at sale held i Feb.1765, for 237 A. on Linches Creek & Eaves Mill Creek, a little above the mill, in Granville Co., now Bute Co., adj. THOMAS, PERSON & HARDING, the property of WILLIAM EAVES and sold by Order of Granville Co. Court 17 November 1764, to recover debt owed THOMAS BELL by WILLIAM EAVES, JOHN DEBORD & THOMAS BECKHAM. Execution was taken on the land on l0 December, by PHILIP PRYOR, then acting as Sheriff of Granville Co. Wit: JAMES MILLES, THOMAS PERSON, THOMAS COOK. Ack: by OSBORN JEFFREYS, Sheriff of Bute Co., Bute February Court 1769,BEN McCULLOCH, C.C. Reg: 8 April 1769, by WILLIAM JOHNSON, P.R.

DB-2, page 144. 14 April 1769. THOMAS BELL, of Bute Co., to THOMAS PERSON, of Granville Co. 35 Pds. Procl. money for 237 A. in Bute Co. on SS Eaves Mill Creek, a fork of Lynches Creek, and on Lynches Creek, adj. PERSON & former line of HARDEN. Wit: BEN PERSON, WILLIAM PERSON,JR.Proved by BENJAMIN PERSON at Halifax, 15 April 1769, M. HOWARD, C.J.Reg: ll May 1769, by WILLIAM JOHNSON, P.R. --Abstracts of Bute County, NC Deed Book 2 Part 1 of 3, from original by Mary Hinton Kerr, www.ncgenweb.us/ncstate/historical/Bute/

16 November 1769. John Harding made oath to his acco't of attendance as a Witness for Joseph Edwards at the suit of Benjamin Hardy amounting to 1.13.6.

Bute County, North Carolina Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, 1767-1779, Brent Holcome, p. 65 (ancestry.com)

Billy's Creek location in Bute County NC (GIF)
Billys Creek enters the Tar River from the south about 4 miles northwest of the present town of Louisburg in Franklin County, NC. Close by, Lynch's Creek flows from the north into Tar River.


John Hardin travels



Chatham County, a little local color

Lean-to temporary cabin

Visit of Bishop Asbury. July 25, 1780:
"I crossed Rocky River about ten miles from Haw River: It was rocky, sure enough; it is in Chatham County, North Carolina. I can see little but cabins in these parts, built with poles; and such a country as no man ever saw for a carriage. I narrowly escaped being overturned; was much affrighted, but Providence keeps me, and I trust will. I crossed Deep River in a flat boat, and the poor fisherman sinner swore because I had not a silver shilling to give him. I rode to friend Hinton's, borrowed a saddle, and rode near six miles to get three, as we were lost; when we came to a place there were about sixty people. I was at some loss who to preach to, saints or sinners; but found sinners as unfeeling as those who are out of the reach of mercy..."
From "The Journal and Letters of Francis Asbury," in three volumes, ed. by Elmer T. Clark, et.al., published jointly by Epworth Press, London and Abingdon Press Nashville, n.d., quoted in "Randolpy County 1779-1979", p26.

Hardins in Chatham County, North Carolina

Chatham County deed source: www.chathamncrod.org/

Chatham County was created in 1771 from Orange County. The southern border of Chatham County did not change from its creation to 1907 when Lee County took land out if its southeast. Therefore references to the southern county line are to a consistent line.

Population figures, which could be low due to lost returns: Census of 1784-1787 for Chatham County
"Amount of the white and Black inhabitants in Chatham County as Returned by the several persons appointed by the Court to receive the same.
   900 white males 21-60 yrs.
1,037 white males under 21 and over 60 yrs.
2,550 white females of every age
  493  Blacks 12-50 yrs of age
  472 Blacks under 12 & above 50
5,452 Total by Compiler
Test: John Ramsey, C.C.  Received 1 August 1787"

John Hardin

1772 - John HARDIN, Cpl. was in Capt. Charles Matthews' Company. The one other Corporal listed in that company was John Chapman.

-"Chatham County 1771-1971" Appendix p. 452. (ancestry.com)
------------------

1773-1774: John Hardin was granted 400 acres on the "So Wt. of the No.Wt. River on Fall Creek." Date entered 13 Feb 1773; issued 22 July 1774.  Fall  Creek is on the southern border of Chatham County, NC. This could be the land on which he was ordered to pay four-fold tax in May 1784, below.  It is a puzzle that the record was filed with Cumberland County. (Grant no. 451, book 22, Page 405. MARS ID 12.14.51.1367) It could be that John Hardin lived only a few miles south of the grant which would have put him in Cumberland County. Or that John Hardin at the time lived with Gabriel Hardin in Cumberland County. Or that he lived a few miles northwest of Gabriel and was the John Hardin identified as the 1774 settler on this map.

Record of above at North Carolina Archives, mars.archives.ncdcr.gov/BasicSearch.aspx
File No. 1368, John Hardin
Years: 1773, 1774
Creator: Office of Secretary of State
Call Number: S.108.653 MARS Id: 12.14.51.1367 (Folder)
Index Terms:
Cape Fear River (N.C.)
Fall Creek
Land Grant Information
Acres: 400 Grant No: 451 Issued: Jul. 22, 1774
Entry No: 731 Entered: Feb. 13, 1773 Book No: 22 Page No: 405
Location: So. Wt. of the No. Wt. River on Fall Creek
------------------------------

1775, 77, 78:    Chatham Co NC Court Minutes 1774-1779:  A road is ordered laid out "the nearest way from Matthew Drake's store to the county line toward Crosscreek (Fayetteville) to run near JOHN HARDINS."  (Drake's store was on the west bank of the Cape Fear where it split into Deep and Haw Rivers. "Drake" is plotted on the 1800 Price-Struther map.)
-------------------

Session of second Monday in May, 1778: p. 137. The Sheriff Summons Jury in the following Caveats: JOHN HARDEN ag't Joseph Allen for 200 acres.
-Laird, Chatham Co. NC Court Minutes 1774-1779, vol 1.

Chatham County North Carolina Deeds 1780-1785, by Marilyn Poe Laird and Vivian Poe Jackson. Poe Publishers:

31 Mar 1780 -a grant to Joseph Allan "joins John Wommack and John Harden" on the south side of Cape Fear River.

Chatham Co. N.C Court Minutes 1781-1785, Laird and Jackson: Session of 9 Feb 1784 and Tuesday 11 May 1784    Pg. 59A - The Tax of four fold on JOHN HARDEN be Remitted and the Collector Receive none from him.

1784 1 Nov - John Hardin received two grants from the governor of North Carolina, Alexander Martin; one of 100 acres and one of 150 acres, both located south of the Cape Fear River on Fall Creek and or on the southern Chatham county line. The smaller plot joins Wamuck. The larger plot adjoins Brasswell and Allin.

1786 Nov. John Hardin sold to Nicholas Hardin (see below) and soon left for other parts.

{1790 tax list for Chatham Dist.* John Hardin 1 poll, 250 acres.
{1790 tax list for St. Mary's District of Chatham Dist.* John Hardin 3 polls, 200 acres.
{(Explanation: It's another John, or it's John, a SON.)

1790 tax list for St. Mary's District of Chatham District:
Nicholas Harden: Poll 1, 300 acres.

Nicholas Hardin

  Hardins in North Carolina Taxpayers 1701-1786 : Harden, Nicholas, Orange, 1779

1777 May Court of 4th Tuesday in May: Ordered the following persons be appointed Overseers of the Roads in this County, to-wit: ... NICHOLAS HARDEN from Quaker Creek to Stony Creek. (Orange County N.C. Abstracts of the Minutes of the Inferior Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, 1777-1788, compiled by Alma Cheek Redden, p. 1)(That road approximates the path of Interstate 40. Almanace, Orange, and Durham correspond to the Orange County of 1777. Quaker Creek is today in Almanace County; Stony Creek is four miles south of Hillsborough.) Nicholas's dwelling place I haven't worked out.

March 1780
Nicholas Harder was a chain carrier in a Chatham Co survey along the Cumberland county line.

1786 8 Nov - Both of John Hardin's 1784 grants of 100 and of 150 acres on Fall Creek were sold to NICHOLAS HARDIN. The sellers were John Hardin and Sarah Hardin his wife. One of the witnesses was Eve Hardin. The price was 25 for each parcel.

Note that Sarah Hardin was the wife of the John Hardin who bought land on Billy's Creek in Granville County in 1763.

26 Apr 1787. Orange County. Land transfer from Anderson to Garrison on Story Creek. Witness: Nicholas Harden. (Story Creek in Orange County's northwest flows into the Haw River from the northeast just north of Boyd Creek. He is associated with a John Hardin who bought land and witnessed land sales 1785-1787 in western Orange.

1787 7 Nov; registered Nov 1788. Nicholas Harden sold the 100 acre tract on Fall Creek to Drury Parham for 100. Both seller and buyer lived in  Chatham County.

Oct. 8, 1790. BYRD BRASWELL to WILLIAM PARHAM, for 50 pounds, 100 acres near the Cumberland County line adjacent JOSEPH YARBOROUGH. Witnesses: JOHN WOMMACK and NICHOLAS HARDIN.

1790 US Census, Nicholas Harden 2M 16 and up; 1M under 16; 1F. (written p. 204)

1790 tax list for Chatham Dist.* Nicholas Harden: Poll 1, 300 acres.

1791 2 Aug - Nicholas Harden sold the 150 acre tract on Fall Creek to Richard Stevens for 150. Both seller and buyer lived in  Chatham County.

Orange County Deed Book 5, p. 786, 7 January 1797:

1797 Jan 7. John Haney of Orange to Nicholas Hardin of same, one hundred & eighty spanish milled dollars, 200 acres, on N side of Haw R., bounded on N by Lewis Garner, on E by HHenry McClure, on S by John McCallop, on W by the river [description omitted]  ... exclusive of 19 acres sold Benjamin Shauman on S side & E end of tract, part of a larger tract from North Carolina to William Harper; signed: John Hainey, Elizabeth (+) Hainey; witness: Joseph Ming, Israel Hall, James Harden; proved May Term 1797 by James Harden.

Orange County Deed Book 5 P. 789, 20 April 1797:

1797 Apr 20. Orange County Deed Book 5 P. 789, 20 April 1797, Nicholass Hardin of Orange to Joseph Ming of same, two hundred & fifty silver dollars, 200 acres, on N side of Haw R., bounded on N by Lewis Garner, on E by Henry McClure, on S by John McCallop, on W by river [description omitted] ... exclusive of 19 acres John Hainey sold Benjamin Shainman on S side and E end of tract, part of a larger tract from North Carolina to William Harper; signed Nicholass Hardin, Mary (C) Hardin; witness: John Moody, James Hardin; proved May Term 1797 by James Harden.


NICHOLAS HARDIN was made a road overseer. Here is the law showing duties, which involved measuring distances and erecting mile posts, skills that fit within his surveying interest.

Acts of the North Carolina General Assembly, 1764.

Chapter III.
An Act to impower the Inferior Courts of the several Counties in this Province to order the laying out of Public Roads, and establish and settle Ferries; and to appoint where Bridges shall be built, for the Use and Ease of the Inhabitants of this Province; and to clear navigable Rivers and Creeks.

III. And be it further Enacted, That all Roads hereafter to be laid out shall be laid out by a Jury of Twelve Men...

IX. And be it further Enacted, That the Inferior Court of the said Counties shall annually appoint Overseers of the Highways or Roads, who are by this Act obliged to summon all Male Taxables, from the Age of Sixteen to Sixty (except such Persons as are or shall be exempted from Public Services by the Assembly) within their District, to meet at such Places and Times as to them shall seem Convenient, for the Repairing or making such Roads as shall be necessary; and except such as are or have been heretofore by Law excused from appearing at Musters; and such as tend Three Slaves, or other Three sufficient Hands, to work on the Public Roads...

XVI. And be it Enacted, by the Authority aforesaid, That all overseers of Roads shall cause to be set up, at the parting of all Roads within their several Districts, a Post or Posts, with Arms pointing the Way of each and every Road, with Directions to the most Public Places to which they lead with the Number of Miles from that Place...

XVII. And be it further Enacted, by the Authority aforesaid, That the several Overseers of the Roads, within Nine Months next after the passing of this Act, shall cause the Public Roads within their Districts respectively to be exactly Measured, where the same has not already been done; and shall at the End of each Mile, mark, in a Legible and durable Manner, the Number of such Miles, beginning, continueing, and making the Numbers in such Manner and Form, as the Inferior Courts of the Counties shall severally and respectively direct; and every Overseer shall keep up and repair such Marks and Numbers within his District...

from Acts of the North Carolina General Assembly, 1764
February 03, 1764 - March 10, 1764
Volume 23, Pages 596-631
http://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.php/document/csr23-0044



If a time line is made for Nicholas Hardin there is no conflict in his whereabouts.

1777 May he lived in Orange County where he was appointed an Overseer of the Roads.

1780 March He was a chain carrier on a survey on the Chatham/Cumberland county line. His residence is not clear.

1786 Nov. John and Sarah Hardin's two grants on Fall Creek in Chatham County were sold to Nicholas Hardin with Eve Hardin being a witness. His residence is not clear.

1787 April. Nicholas Hardin witnessed a land transfer on Story Creek in Orange County and may have lived there.

1787 November.  Nicholas resided in Chatham County where he sold a 100 acre tract on Fall Creek to Drury Parham, who also lived in Chatham County.

1790 Appears in the Chatham County census.

1790 tax list for Chatham District. Nicholas Harden, 1 poll, 300 acres.

1790 Oct. Witnessed a land sale in Chatham near the Cumberland County line. He lived in Chatham.

1791 Aug. Sold 150 acres on Fall Creek in Chatham County where he lived.

1797 Jan. Nicholas Hardin bought 200 acres in Orange County on the north side of the Haw River. The deed was witnessed by James Hardin. He probably resided in Orange, which was his residence in April of that year.

1797 April. Nicholas Hardin of Orange County sold the 200 acres to Joseph Ming of same. James Hardin was a witness.

1804. Nicholas Hardin appears in Wasington County, Georgia in the 1804 land lottery and died there before April 13, 1814.

Note his wife was Mary when he sold land in 1797. In 1814 Elizabeth Hardin applied to be his administrator. His wife Mary may have died between 1797 and 1814 leaving a daughter Elizabeth Hardin.



Georgia Journal 1814 April 13

Washington Co.
ELIZABETH HARDIN and William Smith has appiled for letters of admr'
on the estate of NICHOLAS HARDIN...signed John Irwin..Clerk..
source: Georgia Journal, 1808-1818, Transcribed by Joyce McMurray. Accessed 26 Mar 2014 at http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ga/topic/news/journal1808pg2.htm


In the September 1806 will of John Deaton, who also lived on the county border, he bequeathed a horse, a saddle, and a bridle to his grandson JOHN HARDIN "to be paid him...when he arrives at the age of twenty one or at any time when [my sons] shall think it convenient." Reasoning the location of the land: The will mentions neighbor Edward Beeson who sold adjoining land to James Deaton's son John . That deed shows the land to be on the county border, which would possibly be near the Hardins. The clear implication is that John Deaton's daughter married a Hardin. The index of wills, presumably added to as the wills were received, includes a second name in the devisee column: Robert Hardin. The name is not in the Deaton will itself.

Several unsourced Ancestry.com trees claims Mary Murry Deaton was the daughter of John Deaton; that she was born 1761 in Rowan County and died 1808. In 1780 she married Robert M. Hardin b. 1761. They had a son John Hardin who was not 21 in 1806, so was born after 1785. From Rohleder-McKenzie Family Tree and Thomas Family Tree -- neither with any documentation at all. Obviously confirmation is needed. A John Hardin, age over 16, lived alone in Chatham County in the 1790 census. It appears that John is too old to be the son of Mary Deaton Hardin. It is unknown by me which family the alleged Robert Hardin is from. The circumstances suggest he is a son of John Hardin b. abt. 1720, who recently departed for Pendleton District, S.C. The failure of Deaton to mention Robert or Mary Hardin in the will suggests they both may have left the area for a long time or may have died.

Other Hardins in Chatham County


GILBERT HARDING. Land grant of 150 acres on the North side of Deep river in Chatham County. Entered May 5, 1779, issued Oct 23, 1782.Book No. 48, page 33. SOURCES: Summaries of land transactions from the North Carolina State Archives.are online at Manuscript and Archive Reference System (MARS),  http://mars.archives.ncdcr.gov/


ROBERT HARDIN. 1787 June 13, bought 60 acres from Phillemon Lacy on Collins Creek for 5 pounds specia. The location is in far northern Chatham County on the east side of the Haw River. Witnesses: Richard Cate, Joseph Montray. Proved Novem'r. Term 1787.Test. John Ramsey, C.C.

1787 Nov 10, Robert Hardin sold the 60 acres to Benjamin Lacy of Orange County for 60. No witnesses. Registered November term 1787. Test: John Ramsey, C.C.

1794, August Term, Chatham County Court of Pleas and Quarter Session Minutes:
Ordered that Martin Fismire be continued overseer of the road the ensuing year leading from Bear Creek to the county line and that the following hands work under him to wit, Ambrose Smith, Isaac Smith, Evan Hughes, John Fismire, Balaam Fismire, Bunyan Johnson, Richard Wilkerson, James Powers, Robert Wilson, David Powers, Gilliam Powers and Robert Harden.
p.74.  Transcribed by  Sue Ashby. source: http://www.ncgenweb.us/chatham/1794ctmn.html

JAMES HARDING. Joined Chatham County Regiment in 1781, a private under Capt. Charles Gholson, [probably Goldston] was engaged at Bear Creek. Source: J. D. Lewis, The American Revolution in North Carolina, http://www.carolana.com/NC/Revolution/nc_patriot_military_privates_h.html This is James Hardin, son of Gabrel Harding whose story is told at gabriel-moore/gabriel-moore.htm .

REBECCA HARDIN married James Irvin in 1795. He was b. March 1765 in Chatham County, NC. He died 16 May 1845 in NC. He enlisted while residing in Ninety Six District during May 1781 under Capt. Jesse Johnson and Col. Samuel Hammond. I do not know where the bride lived or where the marriage was. This item may be misplaced. "Roster of S.C. Patriots in the American Revolution," ancestry.com

1890 U.S. Census: Phillips Hardin, household of 8 with 7 slaves. Not our Hardins.

TABITHA HARDIN married David Williams. (3) David Williams, son of (2); (b. Frederick Co., Md., Jan. 24, 1742; d. Friendsville, Term., about 1812) m. Deborah, daughter of Azariah and Mary Horser, (b. April 19, 1750, Cumberland Co., N. C.) in Cumberland Co., 1770.
(3-a)    David Williams, same as (3); m. Tabitha Hardin in Chatham Co., N. C.
Original data: Williams, Carl,. Sidelights on Williams family history. Fort Pierce, Fla.: unknown, 1940 (p.9)(Ancestry.com)
David Williams was an 1801 administrator of the estate of Gabriel Hardin in Randolph County.

William Hardin in Chatham County

23 Oct. 1782. State of North Carolina to Spencer Stewart - 50 sh. for every 100 a. - 640 a. on Little Brush Creek - joins WILLIAM HARDEN and Graves line.
Alex Martin.   J. Glasgow Sec.
-Chatham County North Carolina Deeds 1780-1785, Laird and Jackson, Poe Publishers, p. 52. I can't say which William Harden this is -- whether the brother of John (ours), the son of George (will administered 1768-71) of Halifax Co Va., or another. Little Brush Creek is just inside the west county line. John Hardin lived in the southeast of the county.

William Hardin in Orange County 1775

Within seven years of the settlement of his father George Harding's will, William Hardin was living in Orange County, NC when he sold a 383-acre tract on Holt's Creek in Halifax County, Virginia, where his father's home was. Not related. See  william-hardin-laurens.htm on this site and "Hardins Not Related" on the index page.

Chatham County Wild Geese

1792 Aug: Deed from Jonathan Davis to Archeleas Durham, proved by oath of Edmon Hardin.
Chatham County, North Carolina, Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes, Aug. 1792, page 205, transcribed by Sue Ashby source: http://www.ncgenweb.us/chatham/chatct92.htm

David Hardin and Benjamin Hardin were listed as in the Chatham County Militia 1772, Capt. Isaiah Hogan's Company. Listed just above Philemon Lacy. -"Chatham County 1771-1971" Appendix p. 448. (ancestry.com)
(Robert Hardin and Lacy had land transactions on the north border of Chapman County. David and Benjamin along with Robert Hardin probably comprise an unrelated family.)

Some 1790 census results come from The State Recods of North Carolina, Vol XXVI, Census 1790, page 89 et seq.; 1790 Tax Lists for Chatham Dist. p. 1294, Tax records substitutes p. 1261 for Granville 1788 and Orange 1790.

John Hardin in Pendleton District, South Carolina

1790 Pendleton District Census: John Harden, 1 M over 16, 2 females. (Census effective date Aug 2, 1790)

South Carolina Archives, State Plats (Charleston Series) Vol. 31, p. 379, Roll ST579, "John Hardin, Plat for 415 Acres in Ninety-Six District."
LAND GRANT
(29 Mar 1793)
South Carolina
I do hereby certify for John Harden a tract of Land containing  Four Hundred & fifteen Acres. Surveyed for him the 13th of March 1793. Situated in the District of 96 on Little Beaver Dam Creek of Toogalo River & on branches of Conneross Creek of Keowee River And hath such form marks cuttings & bounding, as the above plat Represents.
Given under my hand this 29th of March 1793.
Jno. C. Kilpatrick  }
Dept. Survr.         }     Bremar, Survr. Genl.

PLAT for 415 ACRES
Here is the plat. It's hard to say, but west northwest seems to be at the top. If so, "land laid out to Robert Smith" is on the south. Vacant is written east and north, and adjacent owner west is unstated. The property is about 100 chains (6600 feet) by about 39 chains (2574 feet). A road runs lengthwise through the land west northwest to east southeast. A creek runs through the southwest corner.
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14 Dec 1794
I, JEREMIAH ABELS for 60. 11 shillings sold to Mary Roberts, furniture, kitchen ware, sheep, horse. Date: 14 Dec 1794. Wit: JOHN (H.) HARDIN, J.B. Earle. Acknowledged in court, 25 Apr (Source: believed to be from Pendleton District, S.C. Deeds, 1790-1806, compiled by Betty Willie. Easley, SC)
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2 Mar 1795
I, Nathan Austin have sold to William Grant...(too dim to read), 2 Mar. 1795...do assign my right of within bill of sale to JOHN HARDIN(?) & JEREMIAH ABIL—15Apr 1795. Signed Jacob Womack. Rec: __ Apr 1795

Pendleton District, S.C. Deeds, 1790-1806, compiled by Betty Willie. Easley, SC, Southern Historical Press, 1982, p. 84, orig. p. 454
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16 Jul. 1795.
JOHN HARDIN to Littleton Meeks for 20 for 120 acres, part of 415 acres, including plantation where Meeks now lives on Little Beaverdam and branches of Conneross, granted HARDIN, 1 Apr. 1793, recorded Bk. G, no. 5, p. 157, by Peter Bremar pro(?) Secretary. Wit: Robert Anderson, Lot Price(?). Robert Anderson made oath to John Barton.

Pendleton District, S.C. Deeds, 1790-1806, compiled by Betty Willie. Easley, SC, Southern Historical Press, 1982, p.225, original p. 236–237.
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7 Feb 1800
JOHN HARDIN, planter, to Robert Yearwood, planter, for 40 stg. For 148(?) Acres, part of tract on Little Beaverdam Crk. Of Tugaloo River, granted HARDIN ... (dim)...J. B. Earle, J.P. JOHN (H) HARDIN, ANN (A) HARDIN signed receipt. Samuel Carlile [Carlisle], witness. Recorded: 14 Feb 1800.

Pendleton District, S.C. Deeds, 1790-1806, compiled by Betty Willie. Easley, SC, Southern Historical Press, 1982, p.220, orig p. 174-176.
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TIMELINE in PENDLETON DISTRICT

1790. John Hardin and two females were shown on the US Census for Pendleton District, SC . (Census effective date was Aug 2.)

13 Mar 1793 was John Hardin's first appearance in the land records of Pendleton District, SC, on which date 415 acres was surveyed for him on Little Beaverdam Creek about 9 miles WSW of Pendleton and about 4 miles NE of Hardin's Island in the Tugaloo River. The date of the deed was 29 Mar 1793.

14 Dec 1794. John Hardin witnessed a bill of sale of household goods between Jerimiah Ables and Mary Roberts.

2 Mar 1795. John Hardin and Jeremiah Able were assigned the proceeds of a bill of sale of Nathan Austin.

16 Jul 1795. John Hardin sold 120 A. of the original 415 to Littleton Meeks, who was already living on it.

7 Feb 1800. John Hardin, planter, sold 148 A. to Robert Yearwood. The deed was also signed by Ann Hardin. There is no record of John selling the balance of 147 A. No other transaction is recorded through 1806.

1800. Neither John Hardin nor his widow Ann appears on the census after 1790.

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Remarks on the Age of John Hardin

I believe John Hardin of Chatham County, NC and Pendleton District, SC was the father of his traveling companion and fellow settler Gabriel Hardin, as well as the father of Nicholas Hardin. This belief is due to property sales for nominal sums by John Hardin to Nicholas. The belief is also due to John having no children at home at the 1890 census. John and Ann Hardin sold their property on 7 Feb 1800 and are not found in the record again. John and Ann Hardin's date of death could be around 1800.

John Hardin was married to Sarah when executing a deed in 1786. He executed a deed with Ann in 1800 -- a second wife or co-owner.

When John was back in Chatham County, N.C., he served in the militia in 1773, and in 1775 a road was laid out "towards Crosscreek to run near John Hardens." Being between 40 and 60 was not too old to be included in the 16 to 60 militia age that North Carolina had (about 1808, at any rate). Gabriel -- likely in his mid-twenties -- was not recorded as being in the militia.

In the census of 1790 John's neighbor in Pendleton District, Gabriel Hardin, had 7 males under 16, as well as two females in his household, one being his wife Comfort. I believe the two oldest sons then at home were Aaron Hardin b. 1774 and Griffin Hardin b. 1774, who both lived out their lives in Pendleton District. With 7 children under 16 he was surely married no later than 1773 and born no later than 1753. If Gabriel's father was John Hardin, John Hardin was born no later than 1733. If 1733, then John was the one yet to be born in 1732 will of Samuel Hardin; or was among the "not of age" when the will was made; or was one of the three older brothers mentioned in Samuel Harding's 1732 will.Thinking of John as born as late as 1733 barely gives time for Gabriel to be born in 1752. Being one of the minor children in 1732, and a birthdate of 1720 would be possible. That John was one of the three eldest b. about 1710 is my best guess. If his death was around 1800 when I lose him, he lived to about age 90.

Regardless of John having a birthdate closer to 1700 or to 1733, these observations and speculations are consistent with John Hardin being a brother of Gabriel Harding, Samuel Harding, Jr., and William Hardin -- all appearing to be sons of Samuel Harding (will 1732 Brunswick county, Va.). To name a son after a brother was quite ordinary, and John named a son Gabriel. John Hardin's land purchases in Bute/Granville County, NC began a southwestern migration from Brunswick County, Virginia, appearing to meet up with his brother Gabriel Hardin somewhere in old Cumberland County. Both brothers had descendants who were haplotype I1a (I-M253).

Travis Hardin, ke3y at comcast dot net