YANCEY WHITE (b. 1809-1813, d. after 1880)
This page last revised 5 April 2017.
Compiled by Travis Hardin (grandson of William Ausie White)
While I have not proven Yancey White's relationship with Adolphus
White (father of our subject William White), both families came from
Pendleton District, South Carolina.
1811 Born in South Carolina.
1833 Aug 5: Yancey's first daughter Jane was born in Pickens County, SC. Jane Burns died Oconee County 1918 June 28.
1840 Lived in Pickens County, SC., 3 in household: Himself and wife, each 20-29 and a daughter 5 - 9. He and his wife were born 1811-1820.
1849 Lived in Pickens County.
1850 Lived in Anderson County, SC
1860 Census: Age 49, lived Cave Spring P.O., Floyd County, Georgia with Elizabeth, age 80, his presumed mother. Neither had slaves counted in the census.
At least 18 White families were in Pendleton District, SC in 1810. By coincidence several were on the same page as Aaron Hardin, a direct ancesor of this writer.
1810 Born Pendleton District, South Carolina. According to
the 1864 Census for Re-orgaiizing the Georgia Militia, living in the
1059th militia district of Floyd County, Ga. He was a farmer.
1830 Census, South Carolina, Pickens District.
Alexander White 50-59; his presumed wife 50-59 (b. 1770-80). He had a son 15-19 who could be Yancey, and a son 20-29. He had two daughters 20-29 (the right age to be Mahala), one girl 15-19 , and one girl 5-9, making a household of 8. There were no slaves. There are age matches to Yancey, to Mahala, and to the mother Elizabeth. However I have no proof this is the family of Yancey White.
1840 Census, South Carolina, Pickens District, p. 355.
Alexander White 70-79 (b. 1761-70)
presumed wife 70-79
2 M 5-9
1 F 15-19
2 F 20-29
1 F 30-39
1 person employed in agriculture
adjacent to above:
Andrew P. White 20-29 and his presumed wife 15-20
2 boys under 5, 1 5-10. No girls.
1845. Between 12 Nov and 12 Dec 1845 "Yancy White" was a buyer at an estate sale of John Harris in Anderson County. Alexander, Elliot, Willie, "Pendleton District & Anderson Co SC Wills, Estates, Inventories, Tax Returns & Census Records" p.254 (c. 1980)
1850 Census, South Carolina, Anderson District,
Northwest Division page 177a, family #294. Dated 8 Aug 1850.
Yancey White, 38 (b. 1811-12), M, farmer, $200, b. SC
Margaret White, 48 (b. 1801-02), F, b. SC
Jane White, 17 (b. 1832-33), F, b. SC.
There were three slaves: One woman, 25, black; one girl, 2, black; and 1 male 8 months, black.
On the following page, family #300:
G. R. League, 28, M, blacksmith, b. SC, married within the year.
Mary League, 26, F, b. SC, married within the year.
Jane White, 6, b. SC.
A death certificate issued in Oconee County, SC in 1918 confirms Yancy’s presence there in 1833. Jane Burns, female, white, widow, died 28 June 1918. She was born 5 Aug 1833 in Oconee County, SC (then Pickens). Her father was Yancey White, born SC, and her mother was Rebecca Brice, born SC. The informant was J. Y. Burns of Seneca, SC. Debbie Bryce Mccollum, email@example.com has the name as Margaret Rebecca Brice at wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com.
Pickens District Real Estate Divisions (Continued from Volume XVIII,
In 1850 Yancey White lived in the Northwestern Division of Anderson County, SC. His daughter Jane was age 17 and instead of Rebecca a 48-year-old woman named Margaret White (b. SC 1802) resided with him. There were three slaves: One woman, 25, black; one girl, 2, black; and 1 male 8 months, black.
External source, not
confirmed by the present author:
There can be two interpretations. Yancey married Rebecca Bryce who was also known in 1850 as Margaret, whose age was misstated by 10 years. OR Rebecca died and Yancey married Margaret, a widow 10 years his senior and relocated to northwest Anderson County. She had slaves. In 1850 she was stepmother to 17-year old Jane.
By the 1860 census Yancey White, 49, had moved to Cave Spring district, Cave Spring post office, Floyd County, Georgia. He was a farmer and the only household member was Eliza White, 80. That person is likely his mother. The form is mixed up, but one or both of them was born in South Carolina. His name is not on the slave schedule as an owner that year. If Yancey’s mother was Eliza and Adolphus’s mother was Nancy, then Yancey and Adolphus can be related no closer than first cousins.
In 1860 Yancey White, 49, was in Cave Spring
district at Cave Spring post office, household 1511 page 352, date 30
July 1860 by Wm. Johnson. He had $3500 in real estate and $5639 in
1860 census, Georgia, Floyd County, Cave Spring
post office. family #1511, p. 352. Enumerated 31 Jul 1860 by Wm.
Yancey White, 49 (b. 1811), farmer, $3500 in real estate, $5639 in personal property, b. SC
Eliza White, 80 (b. 1780), domestic, b. SC.
Cave Spring is a little over 4 miles from State Line Cemetery. Therefore Yancey White was in proximity to the Harbour plantation and Mary Adams.
1863. For a time during the war, Yancey White was in Floyd Legion (State Guards) as a private and a cavalryman.
1864 January. Yancey White appeared in the "Census
for Re-organizing the Georgia Militia" in the 1059th Militia District,
where ie was a 54-year-old farmer and stated he was born in Pendleton
District, SC. (By this report he was born before January 1810.)
August 31, Yancey White married Tillitha Murray in Floyd County.
"Georgia Marriages, 1808-1967," database, familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FW8Y-NHH : 24 December 2014)"
Note below that on 28 August he was arrested on a charge of Bastardy brought by Katherine Matthews, a black woman, and released on $1000 bond. This marriage was three days later. Was it a marriage to cover another pregnancy, or did it benefit Yancey in some other way such as being a diversion from his Katherine Matthews troubles?
His home in
1867, according to the news clipping below, was Thomas' Mills on Big
In 1870 Yancey White, age 61 (b. 1809), lived in subdivision 141, Livingston Post Office, Floyd County, Georgia. As in 1860, he was a farmer. He owned personal property worth $650, no real estate. He was born in South Carolina. Note that he lost his ownership of real estate and moved away from Cave Spring district to Livingston/Thomas' Mills after 1860. His partner and housekeeper was Talitha (Murray) White, 30 (b. 1840), born in Georgia. Children in the household were Mary Elizabeth White, 2, born Georgia; and Alice Watters White, 5 months, born December 1869 in Georgia. The two-year-old was designated an idiot.
In 1880 Yancey White continued to live in Livingston, militia district 1059. He understated his age as 67. He was a farmer and he and his parents were all born in South Carolina. Mary White, age 28 was his wife and housekeeper. She and her parents were born in Georgia. Three children were in the house: Mahalie, 4, female, daughter; Martha, 2, female, daughter; and Yancey, 7 months, male, son. Yancey Jr. by the way was buried at Oakland Cemetery, Rome, Georgia and his stone says born 30 Sep 1879 (possibly of Mary Murry). The children were born in Georgia. The last person in the household was Billey, 24, male, black, a servant who worked on farm. He and his parents were born in Georgia.
Two marriage certificates exist for Yancey White and Mary Murry. On 10 Jan. 1875 he was married in Floyd County by A. D. Hardin, J.P., and in Dallas County, Alabama on 9 Feb 187, Yancey White married Mary Murray. No one with those names is found in the Dallas County 1870 census.
1885. Yancey White was on the Georgia Property Tax Digest at Livingston District, Thomas Mills post office. He had 160 acres valued at $250. He had livestock worth $470, as much as anybody else except one on the page. Ancestry.com. Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 [database on-line], accessed 3 Jun 2017.
White, by his mother's recall to the census taker, was born 1862. Mary,
his mother, was still a slave in 1862 in the household of
Burwell Harbour at State Line, Georgia. When James was conceived in
1861, Yancey White , age 50, lived
with his aging mother, age 81, at Cave Spring if he had not already
moved to Thomas' Mills, on Big Cedar Creek. Either was within 3 or 4
miles of the Harbour household. The Harbours lived near the Alabama
the Coosa River near State Line Church on Blacks
Bluff Road. The State Line cemetery was where Harbour was later
buried. When I wrote on another page about Yancy White having the
I mean he lived within a couple of miles of his victim. The motive is
revealed by his lifetime pursuit of other young women, both black and
white, into his later years. Bullying, or force, is suggested as the
means by a reading of other
episodes, one involving attempted murder of
a black woman who had a child by him in or before 1867. Let me present
to you, without
pleasure, the likely father of James White.
Harbour was not a pleasant man either, according to his father-in-law John Bale, who disinherited him for his intemperance with alcohol. His wife got the inheritance and seems to have applied it to form a company with her husband. When Harbour's wife Josephine died in an institution after a long illness, Harbour moved quickly to restructure the business into a partnership with another man.
Location of Yancey White
The newspaper article says he lived at Thomas' Mills. The map shows that to be on Big Cedar Creek. From Big Cedar Creek to State Line Cemetery, where Burwell Harbour is buried, is three miles. I don't have the exact location of his plantation, but three miles is a reasonable guess and close enough for a motivated man to walk.
The below complaint was lodged
with the U.S. military government
which sparsely occupied each county during reconstruction.
Date: 28 Aug 1867
Complaintant: Katherine Matthews (Col'd)
Defendant: Yancey White (white man)
Place of Residence: Floyd County Ga.
Nature of Offense: Bastardy
Deposition: Referred to civil authorities. Arrested and bound in sum of $1000 to appear at next session of Court.
Source: "United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Records of Freedmen's Complaints, 1865-1872," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q2QR-M2CJ : accessed 29 January 2017), Yancey White, 28 Aug 1867; citing Residence, Floyd, Georgia, United States, NARA microfilm publication M1903, Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1861-1880, RG 105, (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 76; FHL microfilm 1,574,284.
Map showing Thomas' Mills, home of
Yancey White. Source:
George Cram Railroad and County Map of Georgia, 1885, at
In the 1870's Yancey White was the foreman of a Floyd County grand
jury that recommended a number of measure to disenfranchise and
segregate newly freed black citizens. I found the record at
possibly in the Superior Court minutes. I am unable to locate it again.
In light of the history of Yancey White, I am inclined
to believe that William White decided to take the role of protecting
Mary and James from his violent kinsman Yancey.
gone back to Polk County, Georgia after his 1863 discharge, worked at
farming, and married
Lucinda Brazile in
that county in July 1866. He heard about his kinsman's callousness
toward a mixed-race woman and her two children and became so
concerned he signed on as a laborer with Harbour. In1870 he lived in a
former slave house with Mary and her children on the Harbour place. He
made the transformation to Mary's protector within four years of his
marriage to Lucinda. Maybe he was influenced by the spirit of
reconstruction and the
concept of freedmen and freed women. Or maybe his marriage to Lucinda
went bad very fast.
I theorize William, becoming familiar with Whitfield
County perhaps from his army days, moved Mary and son James
there before 1875 with himself as protector. He lived with but did not,
could not, marry Mary. He informally
James, Connor White said. The adoption tells us William's motives were
to help. Perhaps it was Mary's plan to "pass," if not for herself, then
for Jim. That plan succeeded.
The oral tradition "William
went outside for firewood one night and never came back" probably was
the cold night in
early spring 1875 when he tired of his situation in Dalton and crossed
Conasauga River into Murray County. Soon, on
Thursday, April 8th, 1875, as A. J. White, he appeared with Sarah
"Sally" Taylor at
the courthouse in Chatsworth and took out a
license to marry. William established a permanent marriage with Sally.
Mary White was left on her own in Dalton with son Jim. Lucinda
Brazile was left on her own in Cedartown. Lucinda disappears from the
records. Perhaps she was institutionalized for
several decades. Yet Lucinda allowed conjugal visits from someone
because she stated in 1900 she had three children and caled herself Lucinda White.
That's the best explanation I
up with. Find a better one if you can.
Good luck in your searches. Travis Hardin.