YANCEY WHITE (b. 1809-1813, d. after 1880)
This page last revised 3 Nov 2017.
Compiled by Travis Hardin (grandson of William Ausie White)
While I have not proven Yancey White's relationship with Adolphus
White (father of our subject William White), both families came from
Pendleton District, South Carolina.
1811 Born in South Carolina, likely Pendleton District (later
Pickens, later Oconee).
183_ (date unknown): Married Rebecca Bryce
1833 Aug 5: Birth of first daughter Jane White in Pickens County, married Burns, died Oconee County, SC 1918 June 28.
1840 Lived in Pickens County, SC., 3 in household: Himself and wife, each 20-29 and a daughter 5 - 9. He and his wife were born 1811-1820.
1849 Was a guardian ad litem for child Jas R. G. Bryce in Pickens County. The father seems to be Thomas Bryce, deceased. Thomas Bryce is said to be a brother to Rebecca Bryce and to have married Yancey's sister Mahala White, b. 1804.
1850 Lived in Anderson County, SC with wife Margaret.
1860 Census: Age 49, lived Cave Spring P.O., Floyd County, Georgia with Elizabeth, age 80, his presumed mother. Neither had slaves counted in the census.
1870 Lived at Livingston Post Office, Floyd County, Georgia with wife Talitha Murray White, age 30.
1873-75 The Tax list has Mrs. E. White with 140 acres of property in 1874. In the last entry for her, 1875, she had no property. She was 95 if her 1860 stated age of 80 was correct.
Year, District, image#
Household &kitchen furniture
Plantation & mechanical tools
White, Mrs. E.
1874, Livingston, 479
White, Mrs. E.
1874, Livingston, 479
1875 Livingston 703
1875 Livingston 703
White, Mrs. E.
Source: Floyd County, Georgia, Property Tax Digests, ancestry.com1880 Continued at Livingston Post Office. Mary Murray White, age 28, was his wife.
Yancey White was on
the Georgia Property Tax Digest at Livingston
District, Thomas Mills post office. He had 160 acres valued at $250.
See also section "Postscript on Yancey White" below.
of Yancy White over the years
|1864 Jan||54||Jan 1810 or before|
his birth year as 1811, the age stated in 1860 at which time his
mother's stated age was 80 (b. 1780).
|1853 Dec 6
||Birth of Mary Murray
At least 18 White families were in Pendleton District, SC in 1810. By coincidence several were on the same page as Aaron Hardin, a direct ancesor of this writer.
1810 Born Pendleton District, South Carolina. According to
the 1864 Census for Re-orgaiizing the Georgia Militia, living in the
1059th militia district of Floyd County, Ga. He was a farmer.
1830 Census, South Carolina, Pickens District.
Alexander White 50-59; his presumed wife 50-59 (b. 1770-80). He had a son 15-19 who could be Yancey, and a son 20-29. He had two daughters 20-29 (the right age to be Mahala), one girl 15-19 , and one girl 5-9, making a household of 8. There were no slaves. There are age matches to Yancey, to Mahala, and to the mother Elizabeth. However I have no proof this is the family of Yancey White.
1840 Census, South Carolina, Pickens District, p. 355.
Alexander White 70-79 (b. 1761-70)
presumed wife 70-79
2 M 5-9
1 F 15-19
2 F 20-29
1 F 30-39
1 person employed in agriculture
adjacent to above:
Andrew P. White 20-29 and his presumed wife 15-20
2 boys under 5, 1 5-10. No girls.
1845. Between 12 Nov and 12 Dec 1845 "Yancy White" was a buyer at an estate sale of John Harris in Anderson County. Alexander, Elliot, Willie, "Pendleton District & Anderson Co SC Wills, Estates, Inventories, Tax Returns & Census Records" p.254 (c. 1980)
1850 Census, South Carolina, Anderson District,
Northwest Division page 177a, family #294. Dated 8 Aug 1850.
Yancey White, 38 (b. 1811-12), M, farmer, $200, b. SC
Margaret White, 48 (b. 1801-02), F, b. SC
Jane White, 17 (b. 1832-33), F, b. SC.
There were three slaves: One woman, 25, black; one girl, 2, black; and 1 male 8 months, black.
On the following page, family #300:
G. R. League, 28, M, blacksmith, b. SC, married within the year.
Mary League, 26, F, b. SC, married within the year.
Jane White, 6, b. SC.
A death certificate issued in Oconee County, SC in 1918 confirms Yancy’s presence there in 1833. Jane Burns, female, white, widow, died 28 June 1918. She was born 5 Aug 1833 in Oconee County, SC (then Pickens). Her father was Yancey White, born SC, and her mother was Rebecca Brice, born SC. The informant was J. Y. Burns of Seneca, SC. Debbie Bryce Mccollum, email@example.com has the name as Margaret Rebecca Brice at wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com.
Pickens District Real Estate Divisions (Continued from Volume XVIII,
In 1850 Yancey White lived in the Northwestern Division of Anderson County, SC. His daughter Jane was age 17 and instead of Rebecca a 48-year-old woman named Margaret White (b. SC 1802) resided with him. There were three slaves: One woman, 25, black; one girl, 2, black; and 1 male 8 months, black.
External source, not
confirmed by the present author:
There can be two interpretations of his wives' different names in 1840 and 1850: One, Yancey married Rebecca Bryce who was also known in 1850 as Margaret, whose age was misstated by 10 years. Two, Rebecca died and Yancey located to northwest Anderson County and married Margaret, a widow 10 years his senior who had slaves. In 1850 she was stepmother to 17-year old Jane. From the different name and age, and knowing the later habits of Yancey, I favor the latter: that before 1850 Yancey White moved from western Pickens to nearby Anderson County and married an older woman. She was a slaveholder in 1850 of a 25-year old woman and her two young children.
By the 1860 census Yancey White, 49, had moved to Cave Spring district, Cave Spring post office, Floyd County, Georgia. He was a farmer and the only household member was Eliza White, 80. That person is likely his mother. Perhaps an aunt. In tax records she is later listed as "Mrs. E. White." That is, a widow. The form is mixed up, but one or both of them was born in South Carolina. His name is not on the slave schedule as an owner that year. If Yancey’s mother was Eliza and Adolphus’s mother was Nancy, then Yancey and Adolphus can be related no closer than first cousins.
In 1860 Yancey White, 49, was in Cave Spring
district at Cave Spring post office, household 1511 page 352, date 30
July 1860 by Wm. Johnson. He had $3500 in real estate and $5639 in
1860 census, Georgia, Floyd County, Cave Spring
post office. family #1511, p. 352. Enumerated 31 Jul 1860 by Wm.
Yancey White, 49 (b. 1811), farmer, $3500 in real estate, $5639 in personal property, b. SC
Eliza White, 80 (b. 1780), domestic, b. SC.
Cave Spring is a little over 4 miles from State Line Cemetery. Therefore Yancey White was in proximity to the Harbour plantation and Mary Adams.
1863. For a time during the war, Yancey White was in Floyd Legion (State Guards) as a private and a cavalryman.
1864 January. Yancey White appeared in the "Census
for Re-organizing the Georgia Militia" in the 1059th Militia District,
where ie was a 54-year-old farmer and stated he was born in Pendleton
District, SC. (By this report he was born before January 1810.)
August 31, Yancey White married Tillitha Murray in Floyd County. Book A
"Georgia Marriages, 1808-1967," database, familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FW8Y-NHH : 24 December 2014)"
Note below that on 28 August he was arrested on a charge of Bastardy brought by Katherine Matthews, a black woman, and released on $1000 bond. This marriage was three days later. Was it a marriage to cover another pregnancy, or did it benefit Yancey in some other way such as being a diversion from his Katherine Matthews troubles?
His home in
1867, according to the news clipping below, was Thomas' Mills on Big
1870 Yancey White, age 61 (b. 1809),
lived in subdivision 141, Livingston Post Office, Floyd County,
Georgia. As in
1860, he was a farmer. He owned personal property worth $650, no real
estate. He was born in South Carolina. Note that he lost his ownership
of real estate and moved away from Cave Spring district to
Livingston/Thomas' Mills after 1860. His
partner and housekeeper was Talitha (Murray) White, 30 (b. 1840), born
in Georgia. Children in the
household were Mary Elizabeth White, 2, born Georgia; and Alice Watters
5 months, born December 1869 in Georgia. The two-year-old was
designated an idiot. Talitha Murray was probably an older sister of
Mary below, an older daughter of John C. Murray, a close neighbor of
Yancey White the Livingston District in 1867.
marriage certificates exist
for Yancey White and Mary Murry. On
9 Feb 1871,
got a license to marry Mary Murray in Dallas County, Alabama. (Alabama,
Select Marriages 1816-1942, ancestry.com.) in
Dallas County, Alabama No one with those names is found in the
10 Jan. 1875 he was married in
Floyd County (Book B p. 295)
by A. D. Hardin, J.P. In
1870 a Mary Murray, age 16, no occupation, born Georgia, lived with her
large family at Cave Spring, subdivision 141, Floyd County. The father
was John C. Murray, 69, farmer, b. Georgia. The mother was
Margaret, 54, housekeeper, b. Tennessee. There was no child at home
named Talitha. On Aug 16, 1867, John C. Murray was placed on a
Livingston district voter roll after having given oath recorded at Oath
Book A page 456. Yancey was two names below at A-458. Georgia,
Returns of Qualified Voters and Reconstruction Oath Books, 1867-1869,
Floyd, district 42. ancestry.com.
In 1880 Yancey White continued to live in Livingston, militia district 1059. He understated his age as 67. He was a farmer and he and his parents were all born in South Carolina. Mary White, age 28 was his wife and housekeeper. She and her parents were born in Georgia. Three children were in the house: Mahalie, 4, female, daughter; Martha, 2, female, daughter; and Yancey, 7 months, male, son. Yancey Jr. by the way was buried at Oakland Cemetery, Rome, Georgia and his stone says born 30 Sep 1879 (possibly of Mary Murry). The children were born in Georgia. The last person in the household was Billey, 24, male, black, a servant who worked on farm. He and his parents were born in Georgia.
1885. Yancey White was on the Georgia Property Tax Digest at Livingston District, Thomas Mills post office. He had 160 acres valued at $250. He had livestock worth $470, as much as anybody else except one on the page. Ancestry.com. Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 [database on-line], accessed 3 Jun 2017.
White, by his mother Mary's recall to the census taker, was born 1862.
Mary was still a slave in 1862 in the household of
Burwell Harbour on the Coosa River at State Line, Georgia. When James
was conceived in
1861, Yancey White , age 50, lived
with his aging mother, age 81, at Cave Spring if he had not already
moved to Thomas' Mills, on Big Cedar Creek. Either was within 3 or 4
miles of the Harbour household. The Harbours lived near the Alabama
the Coosa River near State Line Church on Blacks
Bluff Road. The State Line cemetery was where Harbour was later
buried. When I wrote on another page about Yancy White having the
I mean he lived within a couple of miles of his victim. The motive is
revealed by his lifetime pursuit of other young women, both black and
white, into his later years. Bullying, or force, is suggested as the
means by a reading of other
episodes, one involving attempted murder of
a black woman who had a child by him in or before 1867. Let me present
to you, without
pleasure, the likely father of James White.
Harbour was not a pleasant man either, according to his father-in-law John Bale, who disinherited him for his intemperance with alcohol. His wife got the inheritance and seems to have applied it to form a company with her husband. When Harbour's wife Josephine died in an institution after a long illness, Harbour moved quickly to restructure the business into a partnership with another man.
Location of Yancey White
The newspaper article says he lived at Thomas' Mills. The map shows that to be on Big Cedar Creek. From Big Cedar Creek to State Line Cemetery, where Burwell Harbour is buried, is three miles. I don't have the exact location of his plantation, but three miles is a reasonable guess and close enough for a motivated man to walk.
The below complaint was lodged
with the U.S. military government
which sparsely occupied each county during reconstruction.
Date: 28 Aug 1867
Complaintant: Katherine Matthews (Col'd)
Defendant: Yancey White (white man)
Place of Residence: Floyd County Ga.
Nature of Offense: Bastardy
Deposition: Referred to civil authorities. Arrested and bound in sum of $1000 to appear at next session of Court.
Source: "United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Records of Freedmen's Complaints, 1865-1872," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q2QR-M2CJ : accessed 29 January 2017), Yancey White, 28 Aug 1867; citing Residence, Floyd, Georgia, United States, NARA microfilm publication M1903, Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1861-1880, RG 105, (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 76; FHL microfilm 1,574,284.
Map showing Thomas' Mills, home of
Yancey White. Source:
George Cram Railroad and County Map of Georgia, 1885, at
In the 1870's Yancey White was the foreman of a Floyd County grand
jury that recommended a number of measure to disenfranchise and
segregate newly freed black citizens. I found the record at
possibly in the Superior Court minutes. I am unable to locate it again.
In light of the history of Yancey White, I am inclined
to believe that William White decided to take the role of protecting
Mary and James from his violent kinsman Yancey.
gone back to Polk County, Georgia after his 1863 discharge, worked at
farming, and married
Lucinda Brazile in
that county in July 1866. He heard about his kinsman's callousness
toward a mixed-race woman and her two children and became so
concerned he signed on as a laborer with Harbour. In1870 he lived in a
former slave house with Mary and her children on the Harbour place. He
made the transformation to Mary's protector within four years of his
marriage to Lucinda. Maybe he was influenced by the spirit of
reconstruction and the
concept of freedmen and freed women. Or maybe his marriage to Lucinda
went bad very fast.
I theorize William, becoming familiar with Whitfield
County perhaps from his army days, moved Mary and son James
there before 1875 with himself as protector. He lived with but did not,
could not, marry Mary. He informally
James, Connor White said. The adoption tells us William's motives were
to help. Perhaps it was Mary's plan to "pass," if not for herself, then
for Jim. That plan succeeded.
The oral tradition "William
went outside for firewood one night and never came back" probably was
the cold night in
early spring 1875 when he tired of his situation in Dalton and crossed
Conasauga River into Murray County. Soon, on
Thursday, April 8th, 1875, as A. J. White, he appeared with Sarah
"Sally" Taylor at
the courthouse in Chatsworth and took out a
license to marry. William established a permanent marriage with Sally.
Mary White was left on her own in Dalton with son Jim. Lucinda
Brazile was left on her own in Cedartown. Lucinda disappears from the
records. Perhaps she was institutionalized for
several decades. Yet Lucinda allowed conjugal visits from someone
because she stated in 1900 she had three children and caled herself
That's the best explanation I
up with. Find a better one if you can.
Good luck in your searches. Travis Hardin.
The news article at right about Mattie White, daughter of Yancey and Mary White, came from a newspaper datelined Rome, Georgia, February 20. The year appears to be 1892. From a clipping sent to me by Jim Roache of Burlington, NJ on 15 Oct 2017 (croache48 at comcast dot net)
1. James Pledger, 22, of Foster’s Mill near Cave Spring, Floyd County, Georgia, married 15-year-old Mattie White in the early part of last fall (1891) at Kirks Grove, Alabama, though Pledger beieves it was not valid. They lived together a few months, then Mattie White ran away with another fellow and married him in Atlanta.
2. James at age 16 had married his first wife, a young widow, 22, named Mrs. Lizzie (Wallace] Chastiner, in Cave Spring. They lived together a year or more, separating some four years ago (1888).
3. James’ father Balliff Pledger lived on his farm near Mrs. Yancey White. [In Livingston District near Foster’s Mill.] Some time after his separation in 1888 James moved back to his father’s farm.
4. George Wallace, a brother of James Pledger’s first wife, married Mrs. Mary White, widow of Yancey White.
5. Yancey White died 26 Mar 1890
according to Floyd County
librarian Pat Millican’s communication to Jim Roach, my 2017
correspondent, and is buried in an unmarked grave at Cedar Creek
Baptist Church Cemetery.
6. Mrs. White’s children had been given to different parties to raise. Hon. John C. Foster took Mattie White to raise.
7. Last fall (1891) James Pledger ran away with Mattie White. The girl’s father-in-law [the reporter probably meant step-father], George Wallace, stole the girl for him and helped them get away.
8. James Pledger and Mattie White lived together for a few months and just before Christmas 1891 she deserted him in Atlanta and ran away with another felllow. Pledger believes she married again in Atlanta.
9. Justice Hampton was a justice in Foster’s Mill district.
10. On Feb. 20, 1892 James Pledger was in Floyd County jail charged with bigamy.
11. Wright, Harper & Wright were defense attorneys who represented Pledger.
12. The death certificate of Yancey White, Jr. (below) was informed by Mrs. C. M. Erwin of Atlanta. A following death certificate shows that was his sister Mattie who married Claud M. Erwin in Atlanta.
Facts from death certificate of Yancy White (Jr), Militia District
919, Dean St., Rome, Ga.
Date of death: 11-5-28
Name of husband or wife: Catherine Exum White
Date of birth: Sep. 30, 1879. At death age 49, occupation bridge foreman, birthplace Floyd Co Ga. Name of Father Yancy White. Birthplace of father, S.C.
Maiden name of mother Mary Murrey. Birthplace of mother Floyd Co. Ga
Informant: Mrs. C. M. Erwin, Atlanta, Georgia Rt. 3
Cause of death: Paralysis. Contributory: none. Signed J. V. Wrandeer, M.D., Rome, Ga.
Place of burial: Oakland. Date of burial: 11-7-1928
Death certificate source: Georgia Deaths 1928-1940, familysearch.org
1900 census: 310 6th Avenue, Ward 2, Rome, Ga. Evline Exum, female, b. May 1840 Tenn., widowed head of household. In household: daughter Katie White, born Canada Sep. 1877, stated age 20, marriage year 1900, father and mother born Tennessee. Son-in-law Yancy White b. Apr 1879 in Georgia, father born Georgia, mother born Georgia. And a 16 year old white female boarder named Dollie Hill from Georgia.
From the 1910 census: 1504 Gordon St., Rome, Ga. Yancey and Kate
White were each age 30. They had been married 10 years. (born 1880,
Yancey: Born Georgia; Father born S.C., mother born Mississippi, occulation bridge foreman for a steam railroad company.They rent their house. Children were Donald T. White, 8; Golden I White, 5, a girl; Cecil R. White, 1. and Baby Not Named, 0, a girl. Kate White was born Oklahoma, her father in Tennessee, her mother in Virginia.
1920 census: Park Ferry Road, Watters district, Floyd County, Ga.
Yancey: age 40, born Georgia, father, S.C., mother Georgia. Occupation farmer, industry railroad construction. Spouse Kate White, age 41, b. Kansas, father Tennessee, mother Tennessee.
Children (all born Georgia) Donald T. White 18, Golden I White 15,
Cecil R. White 11, Violet M. White 9, Ramaine White, 7, daughter.
1920 Census, Atlanta Ward 2, Fulton County, Ga. 61Formwalt St.
Martha Erwin, 42, born Georgia, wife of--
C. M Erwin, 46, b. Tennessee, occupation Propriator at nursery.
William Erwin, son, age 21, single, born Texas, occupation house carpenter.
1930 Census, Atlanata, DeKaklb County, Georgia, 85 Boulder Crest Rd.
home owned, no radio
Claud M. Erwin, head, b. 1877 in Tennessee. Age 21 at first marriage. Occupation nurseryman, employer.
Martha Erwin, wife, age 52, homemaker, age 20 at first marriage; can read and write; father b. SC, mother b. Georgia
Mary Brooks, age 76, widowed mother in law, b. Georgia, father born SC, mother b. Tennessee.
Note: Mary Brooks was born 1854, near the birth year of 1852 reported for Mary Murray in the 1880 census when she was married to Yancey White Sr. The 1930 mother-in-law is the remarried and widowed Mary Murray White.
Martha White Erwin death 4 Sep 1938
County DeKalb Militia district 1061, Atlanta (35+ years a resident) [since before 1903]
Place of death and Residence: 1110 Boulder Crest Dr. (Ward D-9), Atlanta, Ga.
Female, white, married. Date of birth Sept 9, 1876. Age 61 yr, 11 mo, 25 days. Housewife. Birthplace: Georgia. Father Yancy White b. Georgia. Mother Mary Murray b. Miss.
Informant C.M. Erwin, 1110 Boulder Crest Dr. [her husband]
Burial West View Cemetery, Atlanta, Ga. 9/6/38. Undertaker Brandon-Bond-Condon, Inc, Atlanta.
Certification: Date of death 9-4-1938 at 8:15 p.m.
Coronary Thrombosis. Contributory: Atheriosclerosis with hypertension. Acute pulmonary ordema..
E. R. Bren, M.D., 768 Juniper St. NE, Atlanta.
Death certificate source: Georgia Deaths 1928-1940, familysearch.org
1940: Cecil White and wife Louisa, age 30 and 31 are in Ward 2 Atlanta, DaKalb County, 161 Carter Ave. SE. He is a poleman and quite likely the son of Martha's brother Yancey White, Jr.
The 1930 Claud M. Erwin census, above, shows a 76-year-old woman resident named Mary Brooks. She was widowed. She is stated to be mother-in-law of Mr. Erwin, so she appears to be Mrs. Erwin's mother Mary Murray White from Floyd County, Georgia.
|Mary Brooks was the last wife of
Yancey White. At her death she was the widow of John Brooks and she lived
with her daughter Martha (Mattie) Erwin in Atlanta.
Certificate: DeKalb County, Atlanta, 1110 Boulder Crest Drive S.E., white widow. Date of birth Dec 6th, 1851. Age 81 years 9 months 26 days. No trade. Birth: Georgia. Father: John Murry, b. Ga. The informant was her son-in-law Claud M. Erwin of Atlanta who did not remember Mary's mother's name and seems to have added 2 years to her age. Burial place: Rome Georgia 10/4/1933. DATE OF DEATH: OCT 2ND, 1933 of bronchial asthma, contributing factors: Senility or degeneration, J.J. Boides, M.D.
Death certificate source: "Georgia Deaths, 1928-1940," familysearch.org
|Floyd County marriage
certificate in book F, p. 99 dated 15 Dec 1896 between John Brooks, age
25, and Mrs. Mary
Sims, age 43, who seems to be Mary Murray who first married Yancey
White. Source: Georgia Marriage Records From Select Counties 1828-1978,
ancestry.com, retrieved 10/20/2017
1920. The Atlanta City Directory for 1920 and 1921 show a John D.
and Mary Brooks at 2 Harden Street. He is a carpenter. Unknown who this
is. Otherwise, I've not been able to locate them.
1910 census: Floyd County Almshouse, Etowah district, Kingston Road,
John Brooks, Male White 31 Married 1 time, born U.S., farmer. Beside him:
Mary Brooks, F W 57, married 3 times, U.S., no occupation.
1900 census: Inmates at Almshouse, Waddell Street, Rome, Georgia.
John Brooks, 29, b. Oct. 1871, Married 3 years. Ga Ga Ga
Mary Brooks, 46, b. Dec 1853, , Married 3 years. Ga SC La. Mother of 7, 3 living.
|1894. Floyd County Book E p.
426, Mary Wallace and J.J. Sims receive a license on May 29 and are
married on 18 June, 1894.
|1891. Floyd County Marriage Book
E p. 108. The widowed Mary White marries William Wallace as in
the newspaper clipping above.